Table 3

Association between fertility desire and socio-demographic and medical characteristics of study participants
Variable Category Desire a child Do not desire a child OR P value
n (%) n (%)
Age group 15-24 18(40.0) 27(60.0) 1 0.069
25-34 70(43.8) 90(56.2) 1.12
35-44 52(32.9) 106(67.1) 0.83
≥45 12(25.5) 35(74.5) 0.65
Sex Male 58(39.7) 88(60.3) 1 0.408
Female 94(35.6) 170(64.4) 0.73
Education No education 11(31.4) 24(68.6) 1 0.091
Primary 112(40.4) 165(59.6) 1.68
Secondary 21(35.6) 38(64.4) 1.22
Post-secondary 8(20.5) 31(79.5) 0.64
Occupation Farmer 69(33.7) 136(66.3) 1 0.136
Employed 18(32.7) 37(67.3) 1.00
Business 65(43.3) 85(56.7) 1.51
Marital status Never married 25(48.1) 27(51.9) 1 0.050
Married/Cohabiting 82(38.9) 129(61.1) 0.64
Separa/Divorced 45(30.6) 102(69.4) 0.30
Age at first marriage/cohabiting‡ <18 years 16(50.0) 16(50.0) 1 0.080
≥18 years 113(34.5) 215(65.5) 0.55
Live with partner Yes 101(64.7) 28(50.9) 1 <0.001
No 55(35.4) 27(49.1) 1.77
No of children 0 46(43.4) 60(56.6) 1 0.048
1 37(41.6) 52(58.4) 0.87
≥2 69(32.1) 146(67.9) 0.51
Having sex with partner† Yes 105(42.) 143(57.7) 1 0.006
No 47(29.0) 115(71.0) 1.80
Condom use during last sex† Yes 77(43.8) 99(56.2) 1 0.482
No 28(38.9) 44(61.1) 1.22
Children with current partner† Yes 24(44.0) 31(56.0) 0.51 <0.001
No 94(60.0) 62(40.0) 1
Disclosed HIV status Yes 141(39.8) 213(60.2) 1 0.004
No 11(19.6) 45(80.4) 4.13
Partner tested† Yes 71(43.0) 94(57.0) 1 0.815
No 34(41.5) 48(58.5) 0.89
Know partner status† Yes 47(42.0) 65(58.0) 1 0.688
No 24(45.3) 29(54.7) 1.11
Perceived health status Good 97(43.7) 125(56.3) 1 0.003
Poor 55(29.3) 133(70.7) 2.01
HIV knowledge Knowledgeable 114(38.5) 182(61.5) 1 0.331
Not knowledgeable 38(33.3) 76(66.7) 0.78
On ART Yes 104(40.0) 156(60.0) 1 0.106
No 48(32.0) 102(68.0) 0.64
CD4 count <200 40(28.3) 104(71.7) 1 0.006
≥200 111(41.9) 54(58.1) 1.96

‡: for those who reported to have been married/cohabiting, †; for only those reporting to have a sexual partner, ART; Antiretroviral Therapy, OR; unadjusted odds ratio.

Mmbaga et al.

Mmbaga et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:86   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-86

Open Data