Table 4

Determinants of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis from logistic regression model
Characteristics Case Control Crude OR Adjusted OR
Number Number (95% CI) (95% CI)
Individually adjusted for the remaining variables
Number of pulmonary TB episodes
One 29 119 1 1
Two or more 105 15 28.7 (14.6-56.5) 31.8 (8.7-115.5)
Ever interrupted anti-TB for at least a day
No 41 124 1 1
Yes 93 10 28.1 (13.4-58.1) 13.1 (3.0-56.6)
Duration of first course of TB treatment (months)
2–7 25 3 10.0 (2.9-34.1) 14.8 (2.3-96.4)
≥8 109 131 1 1
Adjusted for all variables
Age when taking first-line anti-TB for the first time (years)
46–72 9 17 1 1
26–45 40 70 1.1 (0.4-2.6) 1.4 (0.3-5.8)
5–25 85 47 3.4 (1.4-8.3) 4.6 (1.1-20.5)
Marital status
Single 85 60 2.5 (1.4-4.3) 1.2 (0.5-3.3)
Married 32 56 1 1
Divorced/separated 17 1 1.7 (0.75-3.7) 3.1 (0.7-13.2)
Educational status
Up to fourth grade 15 24 1 1
Completed 5th–8th grade 16 20 1.3 (0.5-3.2) 1.2 (0.3-5.1)
Completed 8th–10th grade 27 25 1.7 (0.7- 4.0) 1.4 (0.4-5.1)
Above 10th grade 76 64 1.9 (0.9-3.9) 3.7 (1.1-12.1)
Sex
Female 53 70 1 1
Male 81 64 1.7 (1.0-2.7) 2.7 (1.1-6.5)
Number of rooms in residence
4–9 16 34 1 1
2–3 57 63 1.9 (1.0-3.9) 3.3 (1.0-10.9)
1 61 37 3.5 (1.7-7.2) 10.1 (2.0-49.4)
Number of rooms in residence
4–9 16 34 1 1
2–3 57 63 1.9 (1.0-3.9) 3.3 (1.0-10.9)
1 61 37 3.5 (1.7-7.2) 10.1 (2.0-49.4)
Family size
1–3 57 49 1 1
4–6 57 70 0.7 (0.4-1.2) 1.6 (0.5-5.0)
7–11 20 15 1.2 (0.5-2.5) 2.9 (0.7-13.0)
HIV status
Negative 116 94 2.7 (1.5-5.1) 2.8 (0.9-8.5)
Positive 18 40 1 1
Site of TB infection during first episode
Extrapulmonary 4 44 1 1
Pulmonary 130 90 15.9 (5.5-45.8) 10.9 (2.8-41.9)
Encountered drug side effect
No 67 109 1 1
Yes 67 25 4.4 (2.5-7.6) 4.5 (1.9-10.5)
Encountered shortage of drug
No 106 124 1 1
Yes 28 10 3.3 (1.5-7.1) 2.7 (0.8-9.5)
Directly observed by health worker while taking anti-TB
Yes 69 127 1 1
No 65 7 17.1 (7.4-39.3) 11.7 (4.0-34.3)
Took the medication at a regular time
No 69 127 1 1
Yes 65 7 17.1 (7.4-39.3) 11.7 (4.0-34.3)
Ever smoked cigarettes
No 125 115 1 1
Yes 9 19 0.4 (0.19-1.0) 0.4 (0.1-1.8)

Hirpa et al.

Hirpa et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:782   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-782

Open Data