Table 3

Sociodemographics, drinking, and smoking among the women who drank during their pregnancy and those who abstained
Consumers during pregnancy, n (%) Abstainers during pregnancy, n (%) p-value
Age (years) n=88 n=1213 <0.001b
 ≤ 24 4 (4.5) 132 (10.9)
 25–29 19 (21.6) 403 (33.2)
 30–34 34 (38.6) 441 (36.4)
 35–39 23 (26.1) 202 (16.7)
 ≥ 40 8 (9.1) 35 (2.9)
Education n=89 n=1192 0.041b
 Compulsory     school 2 (2.2) 23 (1.9)
 Intermediate     education 24 (26.9) 464 (38.9)
 University/college    education 63 (70.8) 705 (59.1)
Occupation n=89 n=1212 0.508b
 Employed 76 (85.4) 997 (85.1)
 Other 13 (14.6) 215 (14.9)
City size n=89 n=1222 <0.001b
 >200 000 inhabitants 45 (50.6) 385 (31.5)
 <200 000      inhabitants 44 (49.4) 837 (68.5)
Region n=89 n=1466 0.018b
 Norrland1) 21 (23.6) 491 (33.5)
 Svealand2) 29 (32.6) 306 (20.9)
 Götaland3) 39 (43.8) 669 (45.6)
Drinking habit n=84 n=1188 <0.001b
 Strong 9 (10.7) 23 (1.9)
 Medium 23 (27.4) 124 (10.4)
 Weak 52 (61.9) 1041 (87.6)
Social support n=87 n=1203 0.035a
 Low 3 (3.4) 44 (3.7)
 Medium 8 (9.2) 90 (7.5)
 Adequate 76 (87.4) 1069 (88.9)
Drinking motive: social n=84 n=1180 0.001a
 Unimportant 57 (67.9) 970 (82.2)
 Moderately     important 25 (29.8) 194 (16.4)
 Important 2 (2.4) 16 (1.4)
Drinking motive: coping n=85 n=1171 <0.001a
 Unimportant 79 (92.9) 1147 (97.8)
 Moderately     important 6 (7.1) 20 (1.7)
 Important 0 (0) 6 (0.5)
Drinking motive: enhancement n=85 n=1176 0.002a
 Unimportant 75 (88.2) 1042 (88.6)
 Moderately     important 10 (11.8) 121 (10.3)
 Important 0 (0) 13 (1.1)
Tobacco use before pregnancy n=87 n=1208 0.871b
 Daily 15 (17.2) 204 (16.9)
 Not daily 5 (5.7) 95 (7.9)
 Quit before      pregnancy 10 (11.5) 161 (13.3)
 Never used 57 (65.5) 748 (61.9)
Tobacco use during pregnancy n=88 n=1209 0.046b
 Daily 4 (4.5) 44 (3.6)
 Not daily 10 (11.4) 55 (4.5)
 Not at all 74 (84.1) 1110 (91.8)
Frequency of drinking before pregnancy n=86 n=1213
 Once a month     or less 14 (16.3) 491 (40.5) <0.001b
 2–4 times    a month 55 (64.0) 644 (53.1)
 2–3 times a    week or more 17 (19.8) 78 (6.5)
Usual quantity per occasion before pregnancy n=86 n=1212 0.649b
 1 SD 16 (18.6) 198 (16.3)
 2 SD 40 (46.5) 521 (43.0)
 3–4 SD 23 (26.7) 357 (29.5)
 5 or more 7 (8.2) 136 (11.2)

ap-value based on Man Whitney’s U-test.

bp-value based on chi-square test.

Skagerström et al.

Skagerström et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:780   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-780

Open Data