Table 1

Characteristics of 2739 HIV infected Subjects on ARV medications
Characteristics N (%) Mean ± SD
Age 43.06 ± 9.90
20-39 1053 (38.5) 33.56 ± 4.35
40-59 1524 (55.6) 47.22 ± 5.14
≥ 60 162 (5.9) 65.70 ± 4.82
Ethnicity
Malay 836 (30.5)
Chinese 1611 (58.8)
Indian 274 (10.0)
Other ¦ 18 (0.7)
Gender
Male 2220 (81.1)
Female 519 (18.9)
Weight (Kg) 2582 (94.27) 61.85 ± 1.21
Height (cm) 215 (7.85) 165.90 ± 9.62
Hypertension* 514 (19.7)
ARV without PI exposure 2392 (90.7)
ARV with PI exposure 245 (9.3)
Supplement§ 384 (14)
B-blocker 70 (2.6)
Other than B-blockerª 263 (9.6)
Diuretic 15 (0.5)
Steroid/Hormone 6 (0.2)
Lipid-lowering agents 508 (18.5)
Anti-Hyperglycaemic agent 191 (7.0)
CD4 (cells/mm3) 2739 (100.0) 474.25 ± 263.02
CD4 < 200 (cells/mm3) 292 (10.8) 122.94 ± 53.78
HIV RNA Load < 20 (copies/mL) 2282 (83.3)
TG ≥ 1.7 (mmol/l) 933(59.1) 3.27 ± 1.92
LDL-C ≥ 3.36 (mmol/l) 555 (35.1) 4.10 ± 0.75
TC ≥ 5.17(mmol/l) 857 (54.2) 6.16 ± 0.95
Low HDL (mmol/l)b 454 (28.7)
FPG ≥ 5.6 (mmol/l) 588 (38.2) 7.08 ± 2.24
Dyslipidaemia 1303 (82.3)
Current alcohol consumer 83 (3.0)
Current smoker 288 (10.5)
Diabetes mellitus 352 (12.9)
Tuberculosis 46 (1.7)
Hepatitis 395 (14.4)
Renal diseases 51 (1.9)

¦ Sarawakian and Sabahan *Blood Pressure ≥ 140/90 (mmHg). §Multivitamin and vitamin (B complex and C). ª Calcium channel blocker, Alpha blockers (ACE inhibitors, Angiotensin II receptor antagonists). SD Standard deviation. bHDL (mmol/l) < 1.03 in male, < 1.30 in female.

Hejazi et al.

Hejazi et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:758   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-758

Open Data