|Legal contextual environment for people living with HIV|
|Law, Policy, Regulation||Geographic Location of Study Site|
|Laws and regulations/policies that protect people living with HIV against discrimination||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Non-discrimination laws or regulations that specify protections for vulnerable subpopulations||Yes||
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) excludes drug users and sex workers.
|Laws, regulations or policies that present obstacles to access to prevention, treatment, care and support for vulnerable subpopulations||Yes||Yes, for drug users and sex workers.|
|HIV-specific restrictions on entry, stay or residence||No||No*||No*||No*||No*||No*||No*||No*||No*||No*||No*||No*|
|Laws that specifically criminalize HIV transmission or exposure||No||Yes||No||Yes||No||Yes||No||Yes||Yes||No||Yes||No|
|Laws that criminalize same-sex sexual activities between consenting adults||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No||No|
|Laws deeming commercial sex work to be illegal||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Laws that impose compulsory treatment for people who use drugs and/or provide for death penalty for drug offences||No Data||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Laws that allow HIV-specific enhancements to sentencing for other crimes||No||Yes||No||No||No||No||Yes||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Laws that criminalize exposure/transmission to other diseases**||No||Yes||No||No||No||Yes||Yes||No||No||No||Yes||No|
|Laws requiring HIV disclosure||Yes||Yes||No||Yes||No||Yes||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Laws requiring HIV reporting||Yes||No||No||No||No||Yes||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Number of HIV prosecutions since 1981||13||10||0||18||4||4||4||4||25||22||8||0|
Note: CA = California, Can = Canada, HI = Hawai’i, IL = Illinois, MA = Massachusetts, NC = North Carolina, NJ = New Jersey, NY = New York, OH = Ohio, PR = Puerto Rico, TX = Texas, WA = Washington, UNK = unknown, *United States laws that restrict entry, stay or residence based on HIV-status were repealed in January, 2010; **including communicable or contagious disease statutes that criminalize sexually transmitted infection exposure .
Phillips et al.
Phillips et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:736 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-736