Table 4

Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors according to socioeconomic class
Socioeconomic class Low Middle Upper middle Upper P
Risk factor N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
Hypertension 86 (30.9) 68 (24.5) 55 (19.8) 69 (24.8) < 0.05
TC ≥ 240 mg/dL 20 (13.0) 11 (07.1) 19 (12.5) 18 (11.8) 0.483
LDL-c ≥ 160 mg/dL 34 (22.2) 26 (17.0) 29 (19.1) 32 (20.9) 0.899
Low HDL-c (mg/dL) 72 (23.4) 77 (25.0) 70 (22.7) 89 (28.9) 0.128
TG ≥ 150 mg/dL 16 (24.6) 16 (24.6) 13 (20.0) 20 (30.8) 0.641
Smoking history 22 (50.0) 10 (22.7) 08 (18.2) 04 (09.1) < 0.001
Diabetes 05 (14.3) 06 (17.1) 11 (31.4) 13 (37.1) 0.134
Overweight 33 (18.3) 42 (23.3) 43 (24.0) 62 (34.4) < 0.001
Obesity 18 (15.0) 26 (21.7) 34 (28.3) 42 (35.0) < 0.001
Sedentary lifestyle 147 (95.5) 139 (89.1) 132 (86.8) 118 (77.1) < 0.001
LVH 47 (38.2) 32 (26.0) 22 (17.9) 22 (17.9) < 0.001

Hypertension: SBP ≥140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥90 mmHg or normotensive on antihypertensive medication; TC: total cholesterol; LDL-c: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL-c, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (men, <40 mg/dL; women, <50 mg/dL); TG: triglycerides; diabetes: fasting glucose ≥126 mg/dL; overweight: BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2; obesity: BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2; LVH, left ventricular hypertrophy (Sokolow-Lyon index ≥ 3.5 mV).

Capingana et al.

Capingana et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:732   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-732

Open Data