Table 3

Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors according to gender
Risk factors Men (N = 294) Women (N = 321) All (N = 615)
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Hypertension 136 (46.3) 142 (44.2) 278 (45.2)
TC ≥ 240 mg/Dl 31 (10.5) 37 (11.5) 68 (11.1)
LDL-c ≥ 160 mg/dL 61 (20.8) 60 (18.9) 121 (19.8)
Low HDL-c (mg/dL) 108 (36.9)* 200 (62.3) 308 (50.1)
TG ≥ 150 mg/dL 37 (12.6) 28 (8.7) 65 (10.6)
Smoking history 30 (10.2)* 14 (4.4) 44 (7.2)
Diabetes 16 (5.5) 19 (5.9) 35 (5.7)
Overweight 80 (27.3) 100 (31.2) 180 (29.3)
Obesity 27 (9.2)* 93 (29.0) 120 (19.6)
Sedentary lifestyle 244 (83.0)* 292 (91.0) 536 (87.2)
LVH 94 (32.0)* 29 (9.0) 123 (20.0)

Hypertension: SBP ≥140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥90 mmHg or normotensive on antihypertensive medication. TC: total cholesterol; LDL-c: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL-c: low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (men, <40 mg/dL; women, <50 mg/dL); TG: triglycerides; diabetes: fasting glucose ≥126 mg/dL; overweight: BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2; obesity: BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2; LVH: left ventricular hypertrophy (Sokolow-Lyon index ≥3.5 mV). (*)P<0.01 men vs women.

Capingana et al.

Capingana et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:732   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-732

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