Table 1

Demographic, anthropometric, and biochemical characteristics of the participants according to gender
Men Women P All
N (%) 294 (47.8) 321 (52.2) 0.392 615 (100)
Age (years) 45.1±11.1 44.0±10.1 0.176 44.5±10.6
Educational level 0.926
Low 110 (37.4) 103 (32.1) 213 (34.6)
Medium 69 (23.5) 81 (25.2) 150 (24.4)
High 115 (39.1) 137 (42.7) 252 (41.0)
Socioeconomic class 0.392
Low 81 (27.6) 73 (22.7) 154 (25.0)
Middle 77 (26.2) 79 (24.6) 156 (25.4)
Upper middle 66 (22.4) 86 (26.8) 152 (24.7)
Upper 70 (23.8) 83 (25.9) 153 (24.9)
WC (cm) 80.1±12.9 83.9±13.5 <0.001 82.1±13.3
HC (cm) 91.5±9.4 99.5±11.4 <0.001 95.7±11.3
BMI (kg/m2) 24.1±4.3 27.1±5.8 <0.001 25.7±5.4
Glucose (mg/dL) 94.9±20.0 93.2±21.8 0.313 94.0±21.0
TC (mg/dL) 189.5±41.4 193.2±36.5 0.240 191.5±38.9
HDL-c (mg/dL) 44.2±10.3 47.6±11.2 <0.001 46.0±10.9
LDL-c (mg/dL) 125.0±41.8 125.9±38.7 0.796 125.5±40.2
TG (mg/dL) 101.7±41.7 98.7±38.4 0.340 100.2±40.0

WC waist circumference, HC hip circumference, BMI body mass index, TC total cholesterol, HDL-c high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-c low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG triglycerides, Proportions were expressed as number of individuals (percentage) and analyzed using the chi-square test. Continuous variables are reported as mean ± standard deviation, and analyzed using the Student’s t-test for independent samples.

Capingana et al.

Capingana et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:732   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-732

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