Table 2

Prevalence of hepatitis B infection and lifetime exposure, children 1–14 years, Gulu, Uganda, 2010 (N=73)
Hepatitis B infection (HBsAg positive) Lifetime exposure (Anti-HBcAb positive)
Variable (n) N positive Percent Crude odds ratio (95% CI) p-value N positive Percent Crude odds ratio (95% CI) p-value
Overall (73) 16 21.9 -- -- 35 48.0 -- --
Sex
Male (35) 7 20.0 Ref. 0.704 14 40.0 Ref. 0.194
Female (38) 9 23.7 1.24 (0.41–3.79) 21 55.3 1.85 (0.73–4.70)
Age (years)
≤10 (32) 8 25.0 Ref. 0.575 11 34.4 Ref. 0.043
11 – 14 (41) 8 19.5 0.73 (0.24–2.21) 24 58.5 2.70 (1.03–7.07)
Wealth index 0.46 (0.26–0.82)* 0.009 0.91 (0.60–1.41)* 0.681
Lowest quartile (11) 5 45.5 6 54.6
Second quartile (18) 5 27.8 9 50.0
Third quartile (21) 5 23.8 9 42.9
Highest quartile (23) 1 4.4 11 47.8
Scarification (44) 12 27.3 2.34 (0.67–8.15) 0.181 20 45.5 0.78 (0.30–1.99) 0.600
Family history, liver disease (8) 2 25.0 0.73 (0.15–3.43) 0.697 5 62.5 0.44 (0.104–1.86) 0.265
Vaccinated against HBV (10) 2 20.0 1.14 (0.22–6.01) 0.875 3 30.0 2.41 (0.57–10.17) 0.231
Educated on HBV infection (3) 1 33.3 0.55 (0.05–6.43) 0.630 2 66.7 0.45 (0.04–5.15) 0.518

*Linear model, odds ratio per quartile increase in wealth index.

Ochola et al.

Ochola et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:727   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-727

Open Data