Table 1

Characteristics of the study population, by city
City
All cities Cochabamba El Alto La Paz Santa Cruz
(n=874) (n=402) (n=112) (n=146) (n=214)
Frequency (%)
MALE 493 222 64 86 121
(56.4) (55.2) (57.4) (58.9) (56.5)
URBAN RESIDENCE1 433 267 - - 137
(82.8) (81.9) (82.0)
HOSPITALIZED 548 186 82 145 79
(62.7) (46.3) (73.2) (99.3) (36.9)
OUTPATIENTS 326 216 30 1 135
(37.3) (53.7) (26.8) (0.7) (63.1)
TOTAL CHILDREN 2 874 402 112 146 214
(46.0) (12.8) (16.7) (24.5)
Median (25%, 75%)
HOSPITALIZED2,3
Number of days child had diarrhea prior to visit 3.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 3.0
(2.0, 5.0) (1.0, 5.0) (2.0, 6.0) (3.0, 6.0) (2.0, 5.0)
Patient’s age (months) 11.0 9.0 11.0 11.0 11.0
(6.0, 15.0) (6.0, 15.0) (8.0, 15.0) (8.0, 16.0) (6.0, 16.0)
Monthly household income (US$) 152.06 151.20 115.20 144.00 172.80
(86.40, 288.00) (60.48, 288.00) (76.32, 216.00) (86.40, 273.60) (100.80, 259.20)
OUTPATIENTS2,3
Number of days child had diarrhea prior to visit 3.0 3.0 3.0 - 3.0
(2.0, 5.0) (2.0, 5.0) (2.0, 4.0) (2.0, 4.0)
11.0 11.0 8.0 - 11.5
Patient’s age (months) (7.0, 17.0) (7.0, 17.0) (4.0, 13.0) (5.0, 22.0)
172.80 151.20 144.00 - 259.20
Monthly household income (US$) (100.80, 288.00) (86.40, 288.00) (115.20, 216.00) (144.00, 345.60)

1There were substantial missing data for urban vs. rural residence—40.2% of observations were missing this information. Data from El Alto and La Paz are excluded from this comparison due to near-complete missing information.

2Percentages are calculated out of the total hospitalized and outpatient sample size.

3The inpatient appointment Hospital German Urquidi and the outpatient appointment Hospital Del Nino and Hospital Materno-Infantil were not analyzed due to insufficient data.

Significantly different from Santa Cruz (p<0.01), using Kruskal-Wallis test followed by post-hoc pairwise comparison.

Burke et al.

Burke et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:708   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-708

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