Table 1

Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of poor self-rated health in 2008 according to individual-level multiple regression analysis of explanatory variables derived from 2003–07 (N = 6900)
Explanatory variables Poor self-rated health in 2008
ORs (95% CI)
Generalized trust Always trusts others 1.0
Intermittent trust 1.42 (1.22-1.67)
Never trusts others 1.87 (1.59-2.19)
Social participation: Membership of local voluntary groups Always active member 1.0
Intermittent member 1.11 (0.96-1.28)
Never active member 1.12 (0.96-1.31)
Age (years) 16–34 1.0
35–44 1.37 (1.14-1.65)
45–54 1.77 (1.47-2.13)
55–64 1.37 (1.13-1.67)
65 + 1.41 (1.12-1.79)
Gender Male 1.0
Female 0.76 (0.67-0.85)
Household income -size weighted Per £1000 increase 1.00 ( 1.00-1.00)
Employment status Employed 1.0
Full time student 1.16 (0.97-1.39)
Retired 1.85 (1.53-2.25)
Unemployed 3.07 (2.55-3.69)
Highest education achieved Undergraduate or higher 1.0
Year 13 1.13 (0.94-1.35)
Year 11 1.03 (0.87-1.22)
No formal qualifications 1.60 (1.33-1.92)
Smoking status Never a smoker 1.0
Intermittent smoker 1.49 (1.24-1.80)
Always a smoker 1.49 (1.29-1.72)

Source: The British Household Panel Survey, Waves M, O, Q & R (2003, 05, 07 & 08).

Reference group = 1.0.

Giordano et al.

Giordano et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:665   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-665

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