Table 1

Baseline sociodemographic data
Variable Intervention group (n=201) Control group (n=83) p
Sex, n (%) 0.27§
 men 119 (59.2) 55 (66.3)
 women 82 (40.8) 28 (33.7)
Age (years), mean±SD 46.2±12.5 46.6±11.9 0.83‡
Smoking, n (%)
 no smoking 77 (41.4) 26 (33.3) 0.22§
 smoking 109 (58.6) 52 (66.7)
Alcohol use, n (%)
 regular 87 (46.5) 35 (44.9) 0.81§
 never 100 (53.5) 43 (55.1)
Employment, n (%) 0.51§
 regular 11 (5.9) 2 (2.5)
 sheltered 73 (39.2) 32 (40.5)
 no employment 102 (54.8) 45 (57.0)
Living situation, n (%) <0.01§
 alone 71 (38.0) 15 (19.0)
 with others 116 (62.0) 64 (81.0)
Contact with family, n (%) 0.70§
 regular 134 (72.0) 58 (74.4)
 seldom/never 52 (28.0) 20 (25.6)
Contact with friends, n (%) 0.12§
 regular 111 (60.0) 54 (70.1)
 seldom/never 74 (40.0) 23 (29.9)
Stay in SH (years), median (range) 4.4 (0.1-22.3) 2.5 (0.1-16.3) 0.04†
DSM-IV diagnosis, n (%)
 schizophrenia 80 (41.2) 25 (30.1) 0.08§
 mood disorder 44 (22.7) 24 (28.9) 0.27§
 substance misuse 30 (15.5) 14 (16.9) 0.77§
 personality disorder 29 (14.9) 11 (13.3) 0.71§
 other 11 (5.7) 9 (10.8) 0.13§
Medication, n (%)
 sedatives/anxiolytics 60 (29.9) 34 (41.0) 0.07§
 first generation antipsychotics 46 (22.9) 13 (15.7) 0.17§
 second generation antipsychotics 137 (68.2) 45 (54.2) 0.03§
 antidepressants 106 (52.7) 46 (55.4) 0.68§

§Pearson Chi-Square; ‡ Independent samples t-test; †Mann–Whitney U test; SH Sheltered Housing.

DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

Verhaeghe et al.

Verhaeghe et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:657   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-657

Open Data