Table 4

Factor associate with antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence with in the past 3 days (n=346)
Characteristic Adherence in past 3 days (%) *Odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
≥95% (n=206) <95% (n=140) Unadjusted p Adjusted p
Age (years)
  ≤ 35 108 (65.1) 58 (34.9) 1
  36-45 72 (51.8) 67 (48.2) 1.7(1.1-2.7) 0.019 - -
  ≥46 26 (63.4) 15 (36.6) 1.1(0.5-2.2) 0.834 - -
Educational attainment
  Illiterate 25 (78.1) 7 (21.9) 1
  Primary school 86 (63.2) 50 (36.8) 2.1(0.8-5.1) 0.115 - -
  Secondary school 74 (51.4) 70 (48.6) 3.4(1.4-8.3) 0.008 3.7(1.3-10.1) 0.012
  University 21 (61.8) 13 (38.2) 2.2(0.7-6.5) 0.152 - -
Duration since HIV diagnosis (month)
  ≤ 36 98 (64.9) 53 (35.1) 1
  37-60 53 (58.9) 37 (41.1) 1.2(0.8-2.2) 0.315 - -
  >60 55 (52.4) 50 (47.6) 1.7(1.1-2.8) 0.045 - -
Ever used illicit drugs
  No 205 (61.4) 129 (46.7) 1
  Yes 1 (8.3) 11 (34.8) 17.5(2.2-137.0) 0.006 16.1(1.9-128.3) 0.011
Dislike exercise
  No 88 (53.3) 77 (40.5) 1
  Yes 118 (65.2) 63 (34.8) 0.6(0.4-0.9) 0.025 0.6(0.4-0.9) 0.028
Forgot to take ARV medicine in the last month
  Never 141 (66.8) 70 (33.2) 1
  Ever 65 (48.2) 70 (51.8) 2.2(1.4-3.4) 0.001 2.3(1.4-3.7) 0.001
Miss appointment
  No 186 (61.4) 117 (38.6) 1 - -
  Yes 20 (41.5) 23 (53.5) 1.8(0.9-3.5) 0.066 - -

Hansana et al.

Hansana et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:617   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-617

Open Data