Table 3

Self-harm behaviour: odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals in logistic regression
Males: adjusted* OR (95% CI) Females: adjusted* OR (95% CI)
Baseline self-harm
Personal failure 1.18 (1.08 to 1.30) 1.24 (1.15 to 1.34)
Generalised anxiety 1.06 (0.97 to 1.16) 1.02 (0.95 to 1.10)
Physical symptoms 1.25 (1.15 to 1.35) 1.16 (1.07 to 1.24)
Positive self-esteem 0.95 (0.87 to 1.04) 0.82 (0.75 to 0.89)
6 month self-harm
Personal failure 1.22 (1.12 to1.32) 1.19 (1.11 to 1.28)
Generalised anxiety 1.03 (0.95 to 1.12) 1.03 (0.97 to 1.11)
Physical symptoms 1.12 (1.04 to 1.21) 1.14 (1.06 to 1.22)
Positive self-esteem 0.97 (0.90 to 1.06) 0.87 (0.81 to 0.94)
12 month self-harm
Personal failure 1.05 (0.95 to 1.16) 1.16 (1.08 to 1.25)
Generalised anxiety 1.08 (1.00 to 1.18) 1.01 (0.95 to 1.08)
Physical symptoms 1.16 (1.07 to 1.25) 1.12 (1.05 to 1.2)
Positive self-esteem 1.01 (0.93 to 1.1) 0.88 (0.82 to 0.95)
Future self-harm models: further adjusted for baseline self-harm thoughts and acts
6 month self-harm
Personal failure 1.13 (1.03 to 1.24) 1.06 (0.98 to 1.16)
Generalised anxiety 0.98 (0.9 to 1.08) 1.02 (0.95 to 1.1)
Physical symptoms 1.05 (0.96 to 1.14) 1.08 (0.99 to 1.16)
Positive self-esteem 1 (0.92 to 1.1) 0.91 (0.84 to 0.99)
Self-harm thoughts 4.12 (2.44 to 6.97) 3.36 (2.13 to 5.29)
Self-harm acts 3.58 (2.06 to 6.22) 5.8 (3.68 to 9.13)
12 month self-harm
Personal failure 0.97 (0.87 to 1.07) 1.06 (0.98 to 1.14)
Generalised anxiety 1.05 (0.96 to 1.15) 0.99 (0.93 to 1.06)
Physical symptoms 1.1 (1.01 to 1.2) 1.06 (0.99 to 1.15)
Positive self-esteem 1.04 (0.94 to 1.13) 0.91 (0.84 to 0.98)
Self-harm thoughts 2.25 (1.29 to 3.92) 3.1 (2.03 to 4.75)
Self-harm acts 4.69 (2.65 to 8.3) 2.91 (1.86 to 4.55)

*All models adjusted for age. NB: All scales within each model were entered simultaneously and therefore OR and CIs are for independent effects of each scale. Where there is strong evidence of association, this is highlighted in bold text.

Phillips et al.

Phillips et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:604   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-604

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