Table 2

The relationships between ARVs, delivery mode or feeding type and MTCT of HIV (n=108)
Interventions of PMTCT Infants’ HIV test results Total χ2value P-value OR(95% CI)
Positive N (%) Negative N (%)
Who received ARVs Fisher’s Exact Test 0.07
Neither 5(27.78) 13(72.22) 18 4.38(1.11, 17.40)
Mother only or infant only 5(17.86) 23(82.14) 28 2.48(0.65, 9.38)
Both 5(8.06) 57(91.94) 62 1.0
Mother’s ARVs regimen 6.90 0.032
None any ARVs 9(20.93) 34(79.07) 43 10.32(1.24, 85.71)
Non-triple ARVs 5(20.00) 20(80.00) 25 9.75(1.07, 89.20)
Triple ARVs 1(2.50) 39(97.50) 40 1.0
Mother received ARVs antenatally 5.53 0.02 4.45(1.18, 16.83)
Yse 3(6.12) 49(94.23) 52
No 12(27.27) 44(78.57) 56
Mother and infant both received ARVs and formula feeding 6.51 0.039
None of three 2(33.33) 4(66.67) 6 7.0(0.97,50.57)
One or two of three 9(21.43) 33(78.57) 42 3.82(1.09,13.38)
All of three 4(6.67) 56(93.33) 60 1.0
Mother and infant both received ARVs and formula feeding and elective C-section Fisher’s Exact Test 0.01
None of four 2(33.33) 4(66.67) 6 1.50(0.85,2.64)
One to three of four 13(17.11) 63(82.89) 76 1.21(1.09,1.34)
All of four 0(0.00) 26(100.00) 26 1.0
Feeding type Fisher’s Exact Test 0.04
Mixed feeding 3(60.00) 2(40.00) 5 10.88(1.65,71.86)
Breast feeding 0(0.00) 4(100.00) 4 0.88(0.82,0.95)
Formula feeding 12(12.12) 87(87.88) 99 1.0
Delivery mode Fisher’s Exact Test 0.49
Emergency C-section 3(12.50) 21(87.50) 24 0.63(0.16, 2.60)
Vagina delivery 3(8.57) 32(91.43) 35 0.42(0.10, 1.67)
Elective C-section 9(18.37) 40(81.63) 49 1.0
Total 15(13.89) 93(86.11) 108

Li et al.

Li et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:591   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-591

Open Data