Table 1

Child nutrition and socio-economic characteristics in Bangladesh and Nepal
Bangladesh
Aggregate (Urban + Rural) Number of children = 5267 Urban (Number of children = 1842) Rural (Number of children = 3425) Rural Urban differencea
Mean (Std deviation in brackets) Mean (Std deviation in brackets) Mean (Std deviation in brackets)
Height/Age (z-score) −1.72 (1.36) −1.49 (1.35) −1.84 (1.35) 0.35***
Gender of Child (female = 1) 0.50 (0.50) 0.47 (0.50) 0.51 (0.50) −0.034*
Age of Child 1.99 (1.41) 1.94 (1.38) 2.01 (1.42) −0.07
Child Vaccinated (yes = 1) 0.49 (0.50) 0.52 (0.50) 0.48 (0.50) 0.043**
Age of mother 25.86 (6.17) 26.00 (5.94) 25.78 (6.29) 0.22
Mother currently working (yes = 1) 0.24 (0.42) 0.24 (0.43) 0.23 (0.42) 0.005
Years of education mother 4.91 (4.33) 5.94 (4.69) 4.35 (4.02) 1.60***
Years of education of spouse 4.88 (4.88) 6.21 (5.22) 4.16 (4.53) 2.04***
Wealth status (index) −0.09 (0.93) 0.55 (1.14) −0.41 (0.58) 1.0***
Extended family dummy (yes = 1) 0.44 (0.50) 0.44 (0.50) 0.44 (0.50) 0.00
Dependency ratio 1.12 (0.72) 0.99 (0.65) 1.19 (0.75) −0.19***
Number of children <5 yrs 1.39 (0.57) 1.34 (0.55) 1.42 (0.58) −0.07***
Nepal
Aggregate (Urban + Rural) Number of children = 5219 Urban (Number of children = 1168) Rural (Number of children = 4051 Rural Urban differencea
Mean (Std deviation in brackets) Mean (Std deviation in brackets) Mean (Std deviation in brackets)
Height/Age (z-score) −1.96 (1.34) −1.65 (1.36) −2.05 (1.31) 0.4***
Gender Child (female = 1) 0.49 (0.50) 0.50 (0.50) 0.49 (0.50) 0.01
Age of child 2.05 (1.40) 2.11 (1.43) 2.03 (1.39) 0.08
Child Vaccinated (yes = 1) 0.24 (0.42) 0.26 (0.44) 0.23 (0.42) 0.031*
Age of mother 26.96 (6.07) 26.18 (5.27) 27.18 (6.26) −1.00***
Mother currently working (yes = 1) 0.70 (0.46) 0.54 (0.50) 0.75 (0.43) −0.21***
Years of education mother 2.46 (3.65) 4.21 (4.31) 1.95 (3.27) 2.26***
Years of education of spouse 5.28 (4.09) 6.76 (4.34) 4.85 (3.91) 1.91***
Wealth status (index) −0.21 (0.84) 0.52 (1.16) −0.43 (0.54) 0.96***
Extended family dummy (yes = 1) 0.51 (0.50) 0.47 (0.50) 0.52 (0.50) −0.05**
Dependency ratio 1.38 (0.96) 1.18 (0.81) 1.44 (0.99) −0.26***
Number of children < 5 years 1.58 (0.63) 1.50 (0.63) 1.61 (0.62) −0.10***

a Asterisk in the column indicate the level of significance of the difference in outcomes/characteristics between rural and urban areas based on independent sample T-tests. *** denotes significance at 1% level, ** denotes significance at 5% level and * denotes significance at the 10% level of significance.

Srinivasan et al.

Srinivasan et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:581   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-581

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