Table 4

Main socio-demographic and health related characteristics of the study sample distributed by cognitive status; bivariate analysis
Variables N = 11891 MMS2≥ 24 MMS < 24 p
100% N = 517(43.5%) N = 672(56.5%)
Gender
 Male 589 61.5 38.5 <0.001
 Female 600 25.8 74.2
Age mean (DS) 1182 73.8 (6.6) 76.4 (7.2) <0.001
Religion
 Christian 698 49.1 50.9 <0.001
 Muslims 322 34.8 65.2
 Druze 164 36.0 64.0
Marital status
 Married 769 52.0 48.0 <0.001
 Divorced/single 75 36.0 64.0
 Widowed 345 26.1 73.9
Education
 Illiterate 529 13.8 86.2 <0.001
 Primary school 412 56.8 43.2
 Middle school 156 78.8 21.2
 High school/university 91 94.5 5.5
Monthly income
 < 300.000 LL 528 28.4 71.6 <0.001
 300.000 – 600.000 LL 304 49.3 50.7
 >600.000 LL 302 66.2 33.8
Health Insurance
 No 491 38.5 61.5 <0.001
 Private Insurance 60 65.0 35.0
 NSSF and others2 634 45.6 54.4
Main occupation
 Farmer 222 37.4 62.6 <0.001
 Employee/manager 304 63.2 36.8
 Self-employed 195 68.7 31.3
 Without work (including household) 465 23.0 77.0
BMI 1166 27.3 (4.9) 27.8 (5.7) 0.106
MNA
 Malnutrition (<17) 89 6.7 93.3 <0.001
 At risk of MN (17–23.5) 342 25.7 74.3
 Normal (≥ 24) 738 57.3 42.7
Number of chronic disease/ mean (DS) 1188 2.5 (1.9) 3.4 (2.2) <0.001
Daily drug intake / mean (DS) 1188 3.3 (2.7) 4.2(3.2) <0.001
Chronic pain
 Yes 532 33.1 66.9 <0.001
 No 650 52.2 47.8
SOF
 Robust 370 65.1 34.9 <0.001
 Prefrail 338 45.9 54.1
 Frail 406 25.1 74.9
Hospitalization during last year
 Yes 535 34.6 65.4 <0.001
 No 653 50.8 49.2
Oral health status
 Chewing problems
 Yes 334 34.1 65.9 <0.001
 No 853 47.1 52.9
 Edentulous (partially or totally)
 Yes 720 35.3 64.7 <0.001
 No 365 54.0 46.0
 Dentures (partial or complete)
 Yes 562 35.9 64.1 <0.001
 No 622 50.0 50.0
ADL
 Independent 908 50.2 49.8 <0.001
 Dependent 1 ADL 151 31.1 68.9
 Dependent for > = 2 ADL 130 10.8 89.2
IADL
 Independent 246 82.5 17.5 <0.001
 Dependent for 1 IADL 189 54.0 46.0
 Dependent for 2 IADL 126 39.7 60.3
 Dependent for 3 IADL 143 20.3 79.7
 Dependent for 4 IADL 89 10.1 89.9
Fall during last year
 Yes 259 27.4 72.6 <0.001
 No 928 48.1 51.9
5 item GDS3score mean (DS) 1185 0.9 (1.2) 1.70 (1.5) <0.001

1The total number of respondents may not add up to 1189 due to missing values; 2 MMS 1 (original version) and MMS 2 (adapted for illiteracy) were computed; 3 GDS score > =2: depressive symptoms.

Boulos et al.

Boulos et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:573   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-573

Open Data