Table 3

Functional ability, psycho-cognitive status and social network of the study sample, distributed by gender
Variable N1/% Total (N = 1200) Males (N = 591) Females (N = 609) p
ADL N 1199 591 608
   Independent % 76.0 79.5 72.5 0.015
   Dependent 1 ADL % 12.6 10.3 14.8
   Dependent for > = 2 ADL % 11.4 10.2 12.7
Continence N 1199 591 608
   Continent % 89.0 90.2 88.0 0.45
   Partially incontinent % 8.3 7.3 9.2
   Totally incontinent % 2.7 2.5 2.8
IADL2 N 797 396 401
   Independent % 30.9 47.7 14.2 < 0.001
   Dependent for 1 IADL % 23.7 21.8 25.7
   Dependent for 2 IADL % 15.8 11.9 19.7
   Dependent for 3 IADL % 17.9 9.3 26.4
   Dependent for 4 IADL % 11.7 9.3 14.0
Balance and falls N 1197 590 607
   One leg balance % 49.1 61.1 37.3 < 0.001
   Fall during last year % 21.9 15.9 27.7 < 0.001
5 item GDS score3 N 1188 587 601
   ≥ 2 % 40.8 31.9 49.6 < 0.001
WHO-5-A score4 N 1191 589 602
   < 13 % 53.4 38.0 55.0 < 0.001
MMS 15quartiles N 607 379 228
   < 24 % 23.2 16.1 35.1 < 0.001
   24 - 26 % 22.6 17.9 30.3
   27 - 28 % 16.8 19.3 12.7
   > = 29 % 37.4 46.7 21.9
MMS 26quartiles N 516 182 334
   < 14 % 22.9 21.4 23.7 < 0.001
   14 – 19 % 23.3 13.8 28.4
   20 – 23 % 22.7 17.0 25.7
   > = 24 % 31.1 47.8 22.2
LUBBEN score7 N 1188 586 602
   < 12 % 47.3 44.9 49.7 0.098
WILSON score8
   Mean 1.5 (1,7) 1.3 (1.6) 1.7 (1.8) < 0.001
   Categories N 1183 584 599
   0-1 % 61,5 67.0 56.1 < 0.001
   2-3 % 20,0 18.3 21.7
   4-5 % 18.5 14.7 22.2

1Number of respondents to this question; 2IADL = Instrumental activities of daily living: missing values due to participants without telephone or with no drug intake; 3GDS score > =2: depression; 4WHO-5A- score <13: depressive disorders; 5MMS 1: original version; 6MMS 2 = adapted for illiteracy; 7Lubbenscore < 12: risk for social isolation; 8Wilson score: higher score = emotional loneliness.

Boulos et al.

Boulos et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:573   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-573

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