Table 1

Socio-demographic covariates, conflict, tsunami and mental disorder exposures with absenteeism
Characteristic Number in group N = 1505 Absenteeism% N = 404 Unadjusted OR (95% CI)
Gender
Female 729 26.9 Reference
Male 757 34.8 0.69 (0.54-0.87)
Age
12–14 1027 69.7 Reference
15–17 478 30.0 0.98 (0.76-1.27)
Ethnicity
Sinhala 1316 29.1 Reference
Tamil 153 50.4 2.47 (1.66-3.65)
Muslim 33 17.2 0.50 (0.19-1.33)
Type of school
Type 1AB 134 12.6 Reference
Type 1C 640 30.1 2.99 (1.58-5.62)
Type 2 693 34.0 3.56 (1.90-6.67)
Type 3 38 28.9 2.81 (1.11-7.11)
Maternal education
Less than grade 6 533 29.3 1.78 (1.21-2.61)
Grade 6 to O/L 598 28.9 2.75 (1.87-4.05)
More than O/L 262 18.5 Reference
Paternal education
Less than grade 6 541 37.3 2.17 (1.39-3.37)
Grade 6 to O/L 556 28.7 3.20 (2.06-4.96)
More than O/L 226 15.6 Reference
Area of residence
Rural 1,270 29.1 Reference
Suburban/urban 79 33.8 1.24 (0.74-2.06)
Coastal/plantations 135 46.5 2.11 (1.40-3.19)
Main caregiver
Mother/Father 1,407 31.3 Reference
Others 90 21.3 0.59 (0.33-1.04)
Conflict exposure
No exposure 1,327 30.1 Reference
Any exposure 120 36.2 1.32 (0.88-1.97)
Tsunami exposure
No exposure 1,369 29.6 Reference
Any exposure 65 49.1 2.29 (1.36-3.84)
Conflict and tsunami exposure
Exposure to conflict and tsunami 15 46.1 -
Mental disorder
No disorder 1,352 28.6 Reference
Any psychiatric disorder 127 49.1 2.40 (1.63-3.55)
Conduct disorder 87 48.6 2.29 (1.43-3.65)
Emotional disorder 41 51.2 2.48 (1.30-4.70)
Hyperactivity disorder 10 44.4 1.83 (0.49-6.87)

CI Confidence Interval, OR Odds Ratio.

Note: Absenteeism was calculated as the total number of days absent from the total number of available school days with a cut-off at 20%.

Note: Statistically significant odds ratios are highlighted.

Siriwardhana et al.

Siriwardhana et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:560   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-560

Open Data