Table 1

Basic characteristics of the study population and participation rate in cervical cancer screening in women ≥30 years, 1998–2010
Variables 1998 2001 2005 2008 2010
Total % Screen % p-value Total % Screen % p-value Total % Screen % p-value Total % Screen % p-value Total % Screen % p-value
Age (years)
30-39 715 30.1 362 50.9 <.0001 369 23.6 191 50.6 <.0001 710 29.7 362 51.3 <.0001 707 26.4 363 51.8 <.0001 617 24.1 317 51.9 <.0001
40-49 641 24.9 358 55.9 373 23.8 217 58.8 709 27.7 421 59.0 663 28.1 393 60.2 556 26.6 340 61.1
50-59 557 18.5 219 39.0 310 20.1 132 43.9 469 17.5 217 44.1 562 20.6 312 54.3 623 22.3 385 60.8
60-69 497 15.6 101 21.6 315 18.3 79 26.3 397 13.1 123 34.2 536 13.4 208 40.7 502 13.6 250 49.1
70+ 315 11.0 25 6.4 255 14.1 27 9.1 311 11.9 43 14.7 476 11.5 86 17.9 439 13.4 116 26.3
Education
None or elementary school 1,414 45.5 381 26.1 <.0001 751 44.3 186 25.4 <.0001 897 32.1 260 29.9 <.0001 1,138 29.9 375 35.5 <.0001 1,294 43.8 563 43.6 <.0001
Middle or high school 1,089 44.6 564 52.0 688 44.2 360 53.1 1,224 48.8 641 52.1 1,239 48.6 643 51.9 1,023 40.9 588 59.4
University or higher 222 10.0 120 54.4 183 11.6 100 53.4 475 19.1 265 55.2 567 21.5 344 62.6 420 15.3 257 59.5
Marital status
Married 2,073 77.2 944 46.8 <.0001 1,181 73.0 539 45.8 <.0001 1,984 76.0 999 50.6 <.0001 664 18.6 199 32.0 <.0001 2,202 81.3 1,202 55.2 <.0001
not married 652 22.8 121 19.1 441 27.0 107 27.6 612 24.0 167 29.6 2,280 81.4 1,163 53.2 535 18.7 206 40.8
Household income
Quartile 1 770 24.6 184 24.8 <.0001 509 30.4 109 23.8 <.0001 666 23.0 187 27.6 <.0001 694 17.0 220 33.8 <.0001 635 20.6 252 40.7 <.0001
Quartile 2 643 22.0 247 39.6 407 23.8 175 44.0 624 25.6 255 40.8 756 27.3 328 47.5 685 27.1 336 51.5
Quartile 3 708 27.6 345 49.0 347 22.4 170 49.1 669 26.5 343 51.2 759 28.1 382 50.9 710 27.3 391 55.0
Quartile 4 604 25.8 289 47.0 359 23.5 192 52.1 637 24.9 381 61.0 735 27.6 432 58.9 707 25.0 429 60.6
Health insurance type
NHI (self-employed) 1,482 53.7 597 41.3 <.0001 748 46.2 296 40.0 0.002 1,066 42.5 451 44.0 0.064 1,156 39.9 524 48.4 0.001 932 36.7 446 49.8 0.252
NHI (employee) 1,120 42.3 453 42.3 780 48.1 333 44.0 1,412 53.5 671 47.5 1,662 56.9 805 51.1 1,712 59.6 919 54.0
Medical Aid 123 4.0 15 9.6 94 5.7 17 22.1 118 4.0 44 35.5 126 3.2 33 28.0 93 3.8 43 56.1
Occupation
white collar 481 20.3 236 48.9 <.0001 312 19.4 165 50.5 0.002 663 25.8 352 52.7 0.003 628 23.9 344 54.0 0.024 670 27.7 369 55.0 0.233
blue collar 836 23.8 290 35.4 324 20.1 124 40.9 545 18.8 232 43.6 751 21.4 315 45.3 569 21.4 282 54.0
others 1,408 55.9 539 39.6 986 60.6 357 37.8 1,388 55.4 582 42.9 1,562 54.7 700 48.7 1,498 50.8 757 50.5
Limitation in general activities
Yes 709 27.4 293 44.5 0.013 201 12.8 62 33.7 0.045 349 12.5 104 30.8 <.0001 743 21.4 279 44.1 0.019 929 31.3 433 49.1 0.024
No 2,016 72.6 772 38.9 1,421 87.2 584 41.9 2,247 87.5 1,062 47.7 2,201 78.6 1,083 50.7 1,808 68.7 975 54.1
Perceived health status
Good or regular 1,675 63.9 699 43.0 0.001 1,014 63.3 456 45.5 <.0001 1,807 70.7 891 49.8 <.0001 1,993 71.9 956 50.2 0.165 2,029 74.8 1,093 54.1 0.016
Bad 1,050 36.1 366 36.0 608 36.7 190 32.9 789 29.3 275 35.3 951 28.1 406 46.8 708 25.2 315 47.8
Smoking
Non-smoker 2,445 89.7 1,004 42.2 <.0001 1,499 92.1 618 42.4 0.001 2,375 90.8 1,101 46.9 0.000 2,644 88.7 1,248 49.9 0.094 2,503 90.1 1,299 52.7 0.026
Ex-smoker 72 3.0 15 23.4 24 1.6 4 17.7 104 4.3 38 53.9 148 5.5 61 49.7 133 5.4 72 60.1
Current smoker 208 7.2 46 25.4 99 6.2 24 25.0 117 4.9 27 28.4 152 5.8 53 38.8 101 4.5 37 40.7
Body mass index (kg/m2)
<18.5 106 3.8 24 26.8 0.007 65 3.7 21 31.0 0.165 81 3.0 35 42.2 0.066 123 4.3 50 40.9 0.030 101 3.7 45 45.5 0.000
18.5 ≤ 23 1,076 40.4 437 43.1 601 37.9 257 43.4 4,050 41.3 493 48.0 1,209 43.1 580 52.3 1,150 42.5 624 55.8
23 ≤ 25 637 23.6 262 41.8 399 24.4 160 42.3 637 23.7 292 47.4 683 23.1 320 50.4 640 23.5 358 56.6
25≤ 906 32.2 342 37.7 557 33.9 208 38.2 828 31.9 346 41.3 929 29.5 412 45.2 846 30.3 381 45.6
total 2,725 100.0 1,065 40.5 1,622 100.0 646 40.9 2,596 100.0 1,166 45.5 2,944 100.0 1,362 49.3 2,737 100.0 1,408 52.5

NHI, National health insurance.

Lee et al.

Lee et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:553   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-553

Open Data