Table 2

Population baseline characteristics by sex and body mass index category
Men Normal weight N = 2,760 Overweight N = 6,810 Obesity N = 3,801 p-value p for linear trend
Age, years, mean (SD) 51 (12) 54 (11) 55 (11) <0.001 <0.001
Current smoker 1138 (41.2%) 2089 (30.7%) 1094 (28.8%) <0.001 <0.001
Systolic blood pressure, mean (SD) 127 (18) 134 (18) 139 (18) <0.001 <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure, mean (SD) 77 (10) 81 (10) 84 (11) <0.001 <0.001
Hypertension 861 (31.4%) 3389 (50.0%) 2594 (68.4%) <0.001 <0.001
Glycaemia, median [IQR] 93 [87–101] 98 [90–108] 103 [94–118] <0.001 <0.001
Diabetes 239 (8.7%) 1066 (15.7%) 965 (25.5%) <0.001 <0.001
Total cholesterol, mean (SD) 210 (38) 215 (39) 215 (40) <0.001 <0.001
HDL cholesterol, mean (SD) 53 (12) 49 (11) 46 (10) <0.001 <0.001
LDL cholesterol, mean (SD) 135 (34) 140 (35) 138 (34) <0.001 0.004
Triglycerides, median [IQR] 96 [74–131] 114 [86–158] 134 [99–192] <0.001 <0.001
Hypercholesterolemia 1016 (37.1%) 3204 (47.4%) 1975 (52.3%) <0.001 <0.001
History of CV disease 121 (4.5%) 446 (6.8%) 338 (9.2%) <0.001 <0.001
Waist circumference, mean (SD) 87 (7) 97 (7) 110 (9) <0.001 <0.001
Waist-to-height ratio, mean (SD) 0.51 (0.05) 0.57 (0.04) 0.65 (0.05) <0.001 <0.001
10-year CAD risk, median [IQR] 2.8 [1.5-5.2] 4.0 [2.3-7.1] 5.2 [3.0-8.3] <0.001 <0.001
10-year CAD risk ≥10% 166 (6.6%) 716 (11.9%) 551 (16.7%) <0.001 <0.001
Women

Normal weight

N = 5,244

Overweight

N = 5,557

Obesity

N = 4,571

p-value p for linear trend
Age, years, mean (SD) 48 (10) 55 (11) 57 (10) <0.001 <0.001
Current smoker 1546 (29.5%) 955 (17.2%) 481 (10.5%) <0.001 <0.001
Systolic blood pressure, mean (SD) 117 (18) 128 (20) 137 (20) <0.001 <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure, mean (SD) 73 (10) 78 (10) 82 (10) <0.001 <0.001
Hypertension, (%) 1001 (19.2%) 2391 (43.3%) 3035 (66.6) <0.001 <0.001
Glycaemia, median [IQR] 89 [83–95] 92 [86–101] 98 [90–111] <0.001 <0.001
Diabetes 242 (4.6%) 572 (10.3%) 982 (21.6%) <0.001 <0.001
Total cholesterol, mean (SD) 209 (38) 218 (39) 218 (38) <0.001 <0.001
HDL cholesterol, mean (SD) 61 (13) 57 (13) 54 (12) <0.001 <0.001
LDL cholesterol, mean (SD) 131 (34) 140 (34) 139 (34) <0.001 <0.001
Triglycerides, median [IQR] 78 [62–101] 96 [73–128] 117 [88–157] <0.001 <0.001
Hypercholesterolemia 1821 (35.0%) 2610 (47.3%) 2383 (52.5%) <0.001 <0.001
History of CV disease 108 (2.1%) 211 (4.0%) 239 (5.4%) <0.001 <0.001
Waist circumference, mean (SD) 79 (9) 90 (8) 104 (10) <0.001 <0.001
Waist-to-height ratio, mean (SD) 0.49 (0.06) 0.58 (0.06) 0.67 (0.07) <0.001 <0.001
10-year CAD risk, median [IQR] 1.2 [0.5-2.3] 2.4 [1.3-3.9] 3.5 [2.1-5.3] <0.001 <0.001
10-year CAD risk ≥10% 24 (0.5%) 83 (1.6%) 185 (4.5%) <0.001 <0.001

CAD Coronary artery disease, CV Cardiovascular, HDL High-density Lipoprotein, IQR Interquartile Range, LDL Low-density lipoprotein, SD Standard Deviation.

Félix-Redondo et al.

Félix-Redondo et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:542   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-542

Open Data