Table 2

Mean levels (including 95% Confidence Intervals) of perceived stress, number of life events, active and avoidance coping for adolescents by parents’ highest education and household income
Perceived Stress Negative life events Active coping Avoidance coping
(range: 0–16) (range: 0–5) (range: 1–4) (range: 1–4)
Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
4.87 (4.75-4.99) 5.64 (5.51-5.78) 0.54 (0.50-0.59) 0.65 (0.60-0.69) 2.65 (2.62-2.68) 2.62 (2.60-2.65) 1.94 (1.92-1.97) 1.97 (1.94-1.99)
Highest educational level in household (2003) N (percent) p = 0.071 p = 0.003 p = 0.002 p < 0.000 p = 0.167 p = 0.035 p = 0.669 p = 0.004
Primary school (< 10 years) 229 (10.2) 5.35 (4.97-5.74) 6.46 (6.08-6.84) 0.83 (0.68-1.00) 1.06 (0.89-1.22) 2.66 (2.56-2.75) 2.60 (2.53-2.68) 2.04 (1.96-2.13) 2.04 (1.96-2.11)
High School/Vocational training (10–12 years) 1169 (52.0) 4.81 (4.64-4.98) 5.59 (5.41-5.77) 0.53 (0.47-0.59) 0.59 (0.53-0.66) 2.62 (2.58-2.66) 2.59 (2.56-2.63) 1.93 (1.89-1.96) 1.99 (1.96-2.02)
Higher education (KVU/MVU) (13–15 years) 704 (31.3) 4.76 (4.54-4.97) 5.46 (5.21-5.70) 0.41 (0.35-0.48) 0.50 (0.43-0.57) 2.67 (2.62-2.72) 2.65 (2.60-2.69) 1.92 (1.88-1.97) 1.91 (1.87-1.95)
University or equivalent (> 15 years) 148 (6.6) 4.49 (4.03-4.94) 5.07 (4.57-5.57) 0.31 (0.19-0.43) 0.44 (0.29-0.59) 2.74 (2.63-2.85) 2.79 (2.68-2.90) 1.98 (1.87-2.10) 1.93 (1.84-2.01)
Household income (2003) p < 0.000 p = 0.004 p < 0.000 p < 0.000 p = 0.234 p = 0.003 p = 0.072 p = 0.472
  1. tertile (< 77,382 US $) 593 (26.1) 5.42 (5.18-5.67) 5.86 (5.63-6.09) 1.03 (0.93-1.13) 1.13 (1.02-1.23) 2.59 (2.53-2.64) 2.65 (2.60-2.69) 2.02 (1.97-2.06) 2.00 (1.96-2.05)
  2. tertile (77,382-100,531 US $) 805 (35.4) 4.77 (4.57-4.98) 5.86 (5.63-6.10) 0.41 (0.35-0.47) 0.53 (0.46-0.60) 2.66 (2.61-2.70) 2.55 (2.51-2.60) 1.91 (1.87-1.96) 1.97 (1.93-2.01)
  3. tertile (>100,531 US $) 879 (38.6) 4.55 (4.36-4.74) 5.26 (5.05-5.48) 0.31 (0.26-0.36) 0.35 (0.29-0.40) 2.68 (2.64-2.73) 2.66 (2.62-2.71) 1.92 (1.88-1.96) 1.94 (1.90-1.97)

P-values indicate test for mean differences across the two SES- measures estimated separately for boys and girls.

Stratified by gender.

Glasscock et al.

Glasscock et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:532   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-532

Open Data