|Significant univariable associations between outcomes related to animal husbandry and infection control practices and risk factors reported by pet-owning households (Ontario, Canada)|
|Outcome (species)1||All children < 5 yrs (Exposed; N)2||All children ≥ 5 yrs (Unexposed; N)2||Risk Exposed||Risk Unexposed||Odds Ratio3||95% CI3||P-value3|
|Any children have access to the litter boxes (cat)|
|Any children clean up feces (cat)|
|Any children touch pet (cat)|
|Never sleep in children’s bed (cat)|
|Any children clean-up feces (dog)|
|Ever lick children’s face (dog)|
|Outcome (species)1||Higher Risk Member (Exposed; N)4||No Higher Risk Member (Unexposed; N)4||Risk Exposed||Risk Unexposed||Odds Ratio3||95% CI3||P-value3|
|Within past 3 months, any off leash at a dog park (dog)|
|Household very attached (dog)|
|Dump aquarium water in bathtub, shower, kitchen sink, or bathroom sink (fish)|
|Household very attached (bird)|
1Univariable exact logistic regression used to model the likelihood of each husbandry and infection control outcome as a function of selected risk factors (all children < 5 yrs; higher risk member in household). Each row represents a separate regression model.
2Performed for children-specific outcomes. Comparison between households with all children < 5 yrs (exposed) and households with all children ≥ 5 yrs (unexposed).
3Odds ratio, 95% confidence interval of the odds ratio (95% CI), and P-value computed using exact logistic regression.
4Comparision between households with ≥ 1 higher risk members [i.e., < 5 yrs, ≥ 65 yrs, ever diagnosed with an immunocompromising condition (exposed)] and households without higher risk members (unexposed).
*Median unbiased estimate computed since odds ratio calculated to be infinite.
Stull et al.
Stull et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:520 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-520