Table 6

Distribution of households by sanitary conditions and presence of electricity, by region, First National Survey of Indigenous People’s Health and Nutrition, Brazil, 2008-2009
Characteristics studied All regions Region
North Central-West Northeast South/Southeast
Defecation location n = 5268 n = 1827 n = 1083 n = 1463 n = 895
  Indoor household facility 19.4% 1.0% 10.0% 45.4% 25.7%
CI:18.3-20.5 CI:0.6-1.5 CI:8.2-11.8 CI:42.9-48.0 CI:22.8-28.6
  Outdoor household facility 49.5% 58.2% 71.2% 29.5% 38.1%
CI:48.1-50.8 CI:55.9-60.4 CI:68.5-73.9 CI:27.1-31.8 CI:34.9-41.3
  Outdoors in the open 30.6% 40.4% 18.6% 23.9% 35.9%
CI:29.3-31.8 CI:38.2-42.7 CI:16.2-20.9 CI:21.7-26.0 CI:32.7-39.0
  Other 0.6% 0.3% 0.3% 1.2% 0.3%
CI:0.4-0.8 CI:0.1-0.6 CI:0.0-0.6 CI:0.7-1.8 CI:0.0-0.7
Predominant destination of human waste n = 3567 n = 1041 n = 875 n = 1085 n = 566
  Sewage disposal system 5.9% 0% 0.2% 14.8% 8.3%
CI:5.1-6.6 CI:0.0-0.5 CI:12.6-16.9 CI:6.0-10.6
  Septic system 30.6% 8.7% 26.3% 38.3% 62.5%
CI:29.1-32.1 CI:7.0-10.5 CI:23.4-29.2 CI:35.4-41.2 CI:58.5-66.5
  Rudimentary pit latrine 63.3% 91.0% 73.5% 46.6% 28.8%
CI:61.7-64.9 CI:89.2-92.7 CI:70.6-76.4 CI:43.7-49.6 CI:25.1-32.5
  River, lake, or ocean 0.2% 0.3% 0% 0.3% 0.4%
CI:0.1-0.4 CI:0.0-0.6 CI:0.0-0.6 CI:0.0-0.8
Predominant destination of household trash n = 5271 n = 1831 n = 1083 n = 1463 n = 894
  Collected by removal service 15.0% 1.1% 0% 38.4% 23.3%
CI:14.0-16.0 CI:0.6-1.6 CI:35.9-40.9 CI:20.5-26.0
  Buried, discarded, or burned in the village 79.0% 85.9% 98.6% 58.6% 74.7%
CI:77.9-80.1 CI:84.3-87.5 CI:97.9-99.3 CI:56.0-61.1 CI:71.9-77.6
  Discarded in a river, lake, or ocean 0.8% 2.2% 0% 0.2% 0%
CI:0.6-1.1 CI:1.5-2.9 CI:0.0-0.4
  Other 5.2% 10.8% 1.4% 2.8% 2.0%
CI:4.6-5.8 CI:9.4-12.2 CI:0.7-2.1 CI:2.0-3.6 CI:1.1-2.9
Predominant source of drinking water n = 5236 n = 1799 n = 1082 n = 1461 n = 894
  Municipal system 9.4% 0.2% 0.1% 28.0% 8.6%
CI:8.6-10.1 CI:0.0-0.4 CI:0.0-0.3 CI:25.7-30.3 CI:6.8-10.5
  Spring or artesian well 55.2% 36.3% 87.5% 40.4% 78.4%
CI:53.9-56.6 CI:34.1-38.5 CI:85.6-89.5 CI:37.9-42.9 CI:75.7-81.1
  Shallow well 8.6 13.3 3.8 6.2 8.6
CI:7.8-9.3 CI:11.8-14.9 CI:2.6-4.9 CI:4.9-7.4 CI:6.8-10.5
  River, lake or reservoir 11.6% 28.1% 4.8% 1.8% 2.3%
CI:10.7-12.4 CI:26.0-30.1 CI:3.5-6.1 CI:1.2-2.5 CI:1.4-3.3
  Other 15.3% 22.1% 3.8% 23.6% 2.0%
CI:14.3-16.3 CI:20.2-24.0 CI:2.6-4.9 CI:21.4-25.8 CI:1.1-2.9
Electricity in the home n = 5266 n = 1827 n = 1083 n = 1461 n = 895
  Yes 64.8% 30.1% 66.4% 94.4% 85.6%
CI:63.5-66.1 CI:28.0-32.2 CI:63.6-69.2 CI:93.2-95.6 CI:83.3-87.9
  Yes, but discontinuous 12.8% 34.5% 2.7% 0.4% 0.9%
CI:11.9-13.7 CI:32.4-36.7 CI:1.7-3.6 CI:0.1-0.7 CI:0.3-1.5
  No 22.4% 35.4% 30.9% 5.2% 13.5%
CI:21.2-23.5 CI:33.2-37.6 CI:28.2-36.7 CI:4.1-6.3 CI:11.3-15.8

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Coimbra et al.

Coimbra et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:52   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-52

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