Table 4

Univariate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI 95%) for suicide in people sickness absent due to stress-related mental disorders (N=36,304)
Characteristics N (%) HR CI, 95%
Socio-demographic characteristics
Sex
   Male 16 (0.16) 2.35 1.20–4.61
   Female 18 (0.07) 1
   Age (years)
   17–25 6 (0.33) 3.44 1.27–9.29
   26–35 4 (0.05) 0.51 0.16–1.59
   36–45 11 (0.10) 1
   46–55 12 (0.13) 1.37 0.60–3.10
   56–65 < 4 (0.02) 0.19 0.02–1.43
Education (years)
   0 – 9 < 4 (0.07) 1.45 0.43–4.91
   10 – 12 18 (0.10) 1.36 0.39–4.78
   > 12 13 (0.09) 1
Country of birth
   Sweden 29 (0.09) 1
   Other Nordic countries 0 (0.00) - -
   Other European countries 0 (0.00) - -
   Outside Europe 5 (0.20) 2.19 0.85–5.65
Place of residence
   Big cities 14 (0.10) 1
   Medium size cities 12 (0.09) 0.93 0.43–2.02
   Small town 8 (0.08) 0.85 0.36–2.03
Family sitation
   Married/cohabiting with children a < 4 (0.02) 1
   Married/cohabiting without children a 8 (0.06) 0.38 0.05–3.00
   Single people without children a 19 (0.17) 2.90 1.27–6.62
   Single people with children a 6 (0.10) 1.69 0.59–4.87
Sickness absence characteristics b
Repeated spells
   1 spell due to SRMD* 32 (0.09) 1
   > 1 spell due to SRMD* < 4 (0.12) 1.25 0.30–5.19
Spell with mental/somatic disorders
   Only spells with mental disorders 30 (0.09) 1
   One additional spell with somatic disorders 4 (0.12) 1.31 0.46–3.72
   Multiple spells with somatic disorders 0 (0.00) - -
Full-time c
   No 0 (0.00) - -
   Yes 34 (0.11) - -
Part-time d
   No 21 (0.12) 0.62 0.31–1.24
   Yes 13 (0.07) 1
Duration (days) e
   1–14 7 (0.07) 1
   15–90 17 (0.10) 1.42 0.59–3.43
   91–180 4 (0.11) 1.56 0.45–5.30
   181–365 5 (0.20) 2.95 0.94–9.30
   > 365 < 4 (0.04) 0.57 0.07–4.60
Number of spells (any disorders) f
   1 23 (0.08) 1
   2 11 (0.21) 2.73 1.33–5.59
   > 2 0 (0.00) - -
Health care characteristics
Hospital stay due to mental disorders (days) g
   No hospital stay 23 (0.07) 1
    5 (0.75) 11.61 4.41–30.53
   > 8 6 (0.99) 15.23 6.20–37.41
Hospital stay due to somatic disorders (days) g
   No hospital stay 20 (0.08) 1
   1 to 4 5 (0.09) 1.11 0.42–2.95
   > 4 9 (0.18) 2.37 1.08–5.20
Outpatient care visits due to mental disorders g
   No visits 16 (0.05) 1
   1 5 (0.28) 5.87 2.15–16.02
   > 1 13 (0.85) 17.68 8.51–36.76
Outpatient care visits due to somatic disorders g
   No visits < 4 (0.02) 1
   1 to 4 15 (0.09) 4.07 0.93–17.80
   > 4 17 (0.15) 6.66 1.54–28.83

* SRMD – stress-related mental disorders, a Children living at home; b Sickness absence due to stress-related mental diagnoses; c Individual had at least one full-time period (day) in the first sickness absence spell due to stress-related mental disorders; d Individual had at least one part-time period (day) in the first sickness absence spell due to stress-related mental disorders; e Duration of the first sickness absence spell due to stress-related mental disorders initiated in 2005; f Number of new sick leave spells initiated in 2005 regardless of disorders; g Cut-offs are based on the diagnosis-specific median.

Ishtiak-Ahmed et al.

Ishtiak-Ahmed et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:492   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-492

Open Data