Table 2

Univariate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI 95%) for suicide attempt in people sickness absent due to stress-related mental disorders, SRMD (N=36,304)
Characteristics N (%) HR CI 95%
Socio-demographic characteristics
Sex
   Male 65 (0.7) 0.86 0.65–1.13
   Female 201 (0.8) 1
Age (years)
   17–25 42 (2.3) 3.51 2.41–5.11
   26–35 75 (0.9) 1.38 1.00–1.90
   36–45 76 (0.7) 1
   46–55 60 (0.7) 0.99 0.71–1.39
   56–65 13 (0.2) 0.35 0.19–0.63
Education (years)
   0 to 9 55 (1.3) 3.60 2.45–5.28
   10 to 12 162 (0.9) 2.55 1.85–3.51
   Above 12 49 (0.4) 1
Country of birth
   Sweden 228 (0.7) 1
   Other Nordic countries 14 (1.1) 1.50 0.88–2.58
   Other European countries < 4 (0.3) 0.39 0.10–1.57
   Outside Europe 22 (0.9) 1.23 0.79–1.90
Residence
   Big cities 105 (0.7) 1
   Medium sized cities 89 (0.7) 0.92 0.70–1.22
   Small town 72 (0.8) 1.02 0.76–1.38
Family sitation
   Married/cohabiting with children a 17 (0.4) 1
   Married/cohabiting without children a 76 (0.5) 0.67 0.40–1.14
   Single people without children a 108 (0.9) 1.74 1.30–2.33
   Single people with children a 65 (1.0) 1.93 1.39–2.69
Sickness absence characteristics b
Repeated spells
   1 spell due to SRMD* 245 (0.7) 1
   > 1 spell due to SRMD* 21 (1.2) 1.71 1.10–2.70
Spells with mental/somatic disorders
   Only spells with mental disorders 221 (0.7) 1
   One additional spell with somatic disorders 38 (1.1) 1.70 1.20–2.40
   Multiple spells with somatic disorders 7 (1.8) 2.70 1.27–5.71
Full-time c
   No 13 (0.3) 1
   Yes 253 (0.8) 2.84 1.63–5.00
Part-time d
   No 163 (0.9) 1
   Yes 103 (0.6) 0.63 0.5–0.81
Duration (days) e
   1–14 48 (0.5) 1
   15–90 109 (0.6) 1.33 0.95–1.87
   91–180 38 (1.0) 2.16 1.41–3.30
   181–365 25 (1.0) 2.16 1.33–3.50
   > 365 46 (1.8) 3.83 2.55–5.73
Number of spells (any disorders) f
   1 184 (0.6) 1
   2 61 (1.2) 1.90 1.42–2.53
   > 2 21 (2.2) 3.60 2.29–5.65
Health care characteristics
Hospital stay due to mental disorders (days) g
   No hospital stay 188 (0.5) 1
   1 to 8 34 (5.1) 9.89 6.90–14.25
   > 8 44 (7.3) 14.25 10.26–19.79
Hospital stay due to somatic diagnoses (days) g
   No hospital stay 116 (0.5) 1
   1 to 4 67 (1.2) 2.56 1.90–3.50
   > 4 83 (1.7) 3.79 2.86–5.03
Outpatient care visits due to mental disorders g
   No visits 161 (0.5) 1
   1 33 (1.9) 3.88 2.67–5.64
   > 1 72 (4.7) 10.0 7.54–13.15
Outpatient care visits due to somatic disorders g
   No visits 23 (0.3) 1
   1 to 4 79 (0.5) 1.87 1.17–2.97
   > 4 164 (1.5) 5.63 3.64–8.71

* SRMD – stress-related mental disorders, a Children living at home; b Sickness absence due to stress-related mental disorders; c Individual had at least one full-time period (at least one day with 100% sickness absence) in the first sickness absence spell due to stress-related mental disorders; d Individual had at least one part-time period (day) in the first sickness absence spell due to stress-related mental disorders; e Duration of the first sickness absence spell due to stress-related mental disorders initiated in 2005; f Number of new sick leave spells initiated in 2005 regardless of diagnosis; g Cut-offs are based on the diagnosis-specific median.

Ishtiak-Ahmed et al.

Ishtiak-Ahmed et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:492   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-492

Open Data