Table 3

Physical activity studies which used subjective measures
NO. Author, year of publication, country Data collection period Sample size Data source N and %of sufficiently active old people Comment
1 Merom et al. [6] 2006, Australia 1989-1990 8160, (60+yr) National health survey 2285, 28% High quality, National representative sample, Validated questionnaire
1995-1996 7620, (60+yr) National health survey 2027, 26.6%
2000 4359, (60+yr) National health survey 1125, 25.8%
2 Jerome et al. [7] 2006, USA 1991(I) and 1994 (II) 243 F (70-79yr) without functional deficit Women’s Health and Aging Studies I and II 53, 22% High quality, Regional representative sample, Validated questionnaire
3 Brownson et al. [8] 2000, USA 1996 24406, 14307 (65-74yr), and 10099 (75+yr) Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) CDC-ACSM 1995 High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
5696, 23.34%
65-74: 25.7 % 75 +: 20.0%
SGR 1996
6480, 26.55%
65-74: 30.4 % 75 +: 21.1%
4 Brach et al. [9] 2004, USA 1998 3075 (70–79), 1584 F Health ABC study 750, 24.4% Men: 33.07% Women: 16.22% High quality Regional representative sample Standardized questionnaire
5 Phongsavan et al. [10] 2004, Australia 1998 4321, 1675 M NSW State health survey Domestic PA excluded 1634, 37.82% Men: 46.7% Women: 32.2% Domestic PA included 2184, 50.55% Men: 59.8% Women: 44.7% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
6 Chau et al. [11], 2008, Australia 1998 2068, (65+yr) NSW Population health survey 748, 36.15% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
65-74: 1357,40.1%
75 +: 711,28.6%
2002 3420, (65+yr) NSW Population health survey 1295, 37.88%
65-74: 2038,41.8%
75 +:1382, 32.1%
2003 3577, (65+yr) NSW Population health survey 1217, 34.02%
65-74: 2022,39.8%
75-:1555,26.5%
2004 2706, (65+yr) NSW Population health survey 1073, 39.66%
65-74:1552, 45.5%
75-:1154, 31.8%
2005 3391, (65+yr) NSW Population health survey 1350, 39.82%
65-74: 1921, 45.5%
75-:1470, 32.4 %
7 Hamdorf et al. [12] 2002, Australia 1998 773, (60+yr) Social Environmental Risk Context Information System (SERCIS) Didn’t report the prevalence of whole sample 60–64: 181, 50.8%, 85+:26, 15.4% Figure 2 showed the trend of declining High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
8 Merom et al. [13] 2009, Australia 1998 2068, (65+yr) The NSW Population health survey 532, 25.73% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
65-74: 1357,28.0
75+: 711, 21.4
2002 3420, (65+yr) The NSW Population health survey 970, 28.35%
65-74: 2038,30.9%
75+: 1382, 24.6%
2003 3577, (65+yr) The NSW Population health survey 899, 25.13%
65-74: 2022,29.3%
75+:1555,19.7%
2004 2706, (65+yr) The NSW Population health survey 781, 28.85%
65-74:1552, 32.3%
75+: 1154, 24.2%
2005 3391, (65+yr) The NSW Population health survey 985, 29.04%
65-74:1921, 32.9%
75+: 1470, 24.0%
2006 2388, (65+yr) The NSW Population health survey 744, 31.17%
65-74: 1318,35.7%
75+: 1070, 25.6%
9 Heesch & Brown [14] 2008, Australia 1999 3613 F, 75.28 (73–78 yr) Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health 1572, 43.5% High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
10 Lim & Taylor [15] 2005, Australia 1999 8881, 5045 F, 73.8 (95%CI 73.6–74.0yr) NSW Older People’s Health Survey (OPHS) 4343, 48.9% Women, 39.7%, Men, 61.1% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
11 Lawlor et al. [16] 2002, UK 1999-2000 2341 F (60-79yr) British Women’s Heart and Health Study Domestic PA included 1561, 66.7% Domestic PA excluded 492, 21% Domestic activity (heavy house work and heavy gardening/DIY) High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
12 Hillsdon et al. [17] 2008, UK 1999-2001 4103 F, (60-79yr) British Women’s Heart and Health Study 926, 22.57% High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
13 Brown et al. [18] 2003, USA 2001 30146 (65+yr), 17081 F BRFSS 11305, 37.5%, Men: 42.03% Women: 31.90% High quality National representative sample, Validated questionnaire
14 Brown et al. [19] 2005, USA 2001 22174 (65+yr), 13834 F BRFSS 9202, 41.50%, Men: 47.38%, 65–74: 5369,49.3%75+ : 2971,43.9% Women: 37.96% 65–74: 8059, 41.3% 75+: 5775, 33.3% High quality National representative sample, Validated questionnaire
15 Ashe et al. [20] 2009, Canada 2000-2001 24233 (65+yr), 60%F (76% reported having one or more chronic diseases) Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.1 No chronic disease One or more chronic disease High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
Total 7318, 30.2% 5622, 23.2%
Women
65-74 26.7% 21.9%
75-84 18.1% 12.7%
85+ 14.5% 7.4%
Men
65-74 40.6% 38.0%
75-84 35.9% 27.3%
85+ 26.9% 20.8%
16 US CDC [21] 2007, USA 2001 (65+yr), ( whole sample 205,140) BRFSS Men 43.1% women 32.2% High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
2005 (65+yr), ( whole sample 356,112) BRFSS Men 44.5% women 36.3%
17 Muntner et al [22] 2005, China 2000-2001 1824 (65-79yr), 939 M InterASIA study 821, 45% High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
Rural 52.7%
Urban 9.8%
18 Benedetti et al. [23] 2008, Brazil 2002 875, 71.6 ± 7.9 (65-101yr), 437M A representative survey: Profile of Old Persons in the Municipality of Florianópolis 519, 59.3% Men 63.6% Women 55% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
19 Ding et al. [24] 2009, China 2002 799 (60+yr) 2002 Beijing Nutrition and Health Survey 254, 31.79% 60–74: 673, 33% 75+: 126, 25.3% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
20 Hallal et al. [25] 2003, Brazil 2002 583 (60+yr), 360F Cross-sectional survey Pelotas, Brazil 270, 46.3% 60–69:307,56.2% 70+:276,35.3% Men 60–69:124,55.4% 70+:99,43% Women 60–69:183,56.8% 70+: 177,30.3% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
21 Knuth et al. [26] 2010 Brazil 2007 (65+yr), (whole sample 2969) Cross-sectional survey Pelotas, Brazil 60-69: 42.7% 70+: 23.7% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
22 Meyer [27] 2005 Switzerland 2002 4057 (65+yr) Swiss Health Survey* Total: 2739, 67.51% High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
65-79: 3257, 80.9%
80+: 800, 58.1%
Sports/exercise
Total: 515, 12.7%
65-79: 25.5%
80+: 24.77%
Habitual
Total: 2314, 57.04%
80+: 51.7%
65-79: 45.4%
23 Frank et al. [28] 2010, USA 2001-2002 1970 (65+yr) Strategies for Metropolitan Atlanta’s Regional Transportation and Air Quality(SMARTRAQ study, Atlanta region) Total: 791, 40.16% 65–74:1198, 42.7% 75–84: 622, 38.0% 85+:150, 28.8% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
24 Guinn et al. [29] 2002, USA Unclear,earlier than 2002 244 (60-81yr), 162 or 170 F Cross-sectional survey in a retirement area, Texas 136, 55.74% men: (82) 74, 66.57% women: (162)170, 50.59% Weak quality Sample bias likely due to recruitment procedure Testing of instrument not reported. % of male or female was inconsistent in the paper
25 Taylor-Piliae et al. [30] 2006, USA 2001-2004 1010, 65.8 ±2.8 (60–69yr), 631 M Healthy control of Atherosclerotic disease vascular function and genetic epidemiology (ADVANCE) Study All domain PA measured by Stanford Seven-Day PA Recall 646, 64% High quality Sample was selected from a medical insurance programme Validated questionnaire
On-the-job activity and leisure-time activities measured by Stanford Brief Activity Survey 616, 61%, Men 61.5% women 60.7%
26 Allender et al, [31] 2008, UK 2003 1181 (65+yr) Health Survey for England (HsfE) Occupational PA included Occupational PA excluded High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
138, 11.67% 128, 10.86%
Men:14.68% Men: 13.3%
65-74: 740, 18% 65-74: 740,16.4
75+: 441, 9.1% 75+: 441, 8.7%
Women: 9.41% Women: 9.03%
65-74: 853, 13.7% 65-74: 853, 13.0%
75+: 717, 4.3% 75+: 717, 4.3%
27 Florindo et al. [32] 2009, Brazil 2003 (60-65yr), the whole sample was 1318 Health Survey of the Municipality of Sao Paulo Total PA 899, 68.2% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
LTPA 232, 17.6%
Transportation 83, 6.3%
Occupational 250, 19%
Household 585, 44.4%
28 Joubert et al. [33] 2007, South Africa 2003 (60+yr) World Health Survey 2003 Men Women High quality National representative sample Method of sample recruitment not reported Validated questionnaire
60-69: 21.2% 60-69: 18.4%
70+: 22.3% 70+: 10%
29 Meisner et al. [34] 2010, Canada 2003 12042 (60+yr), 6823F Part of Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS; Cycle 2.1) 2565, 21.3% High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
30 Mummery et al. [35] 2007, New Zealand 2003 1894 (60+yr), 1009 F Obstacles to Action Survey 974, 51.4% High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
Men 55.2% Women 47.4%
60-64:603, 56.5 65-69: 445, 52.8%
70-74: 363, 51.1% 75-79: 270, 47.7%
80+: 213, 32.3%
31 McGuire et al. [36] 2006, USA 2003 36,010 F (65+yr) BFRSS 6986, 19.4% High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
65-69:10071, 23.0% 70-74: 9150, 21.3%
75-79: 7909, 18.5% 80-84: 5580, 15.6%
85+: 3300, 13.6%
32 Pronk et al. [37] 2004, USA not reported, 2002-2004 685,74.5± 6.7yr Stratified random sample of HealthPartners membership, used questions from the BRFSS 279, 40.7% High quality Stratified random sample Validated questionnaire
33 Stamatakis et al. [38] 2007, UK 2003 2763 (65+yr), 1187 M Health Survey for England (HsfE) Domestic excluded Domestic included High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
Total 172, 6.23% 306, 11.09%
Men 7.6% 13.6%
Women 5.2% 9.2%
34 DiSipio et al. [39] 2006, Australia 2004 1588 (60-75yr) Queensland Cancer Risk Study (Active Australia Survey) 891, 56.1% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
35 Ready et al. [40] 2009, Canada 2005 889 (65+yr) Cross-sectional survey of random sample, Winnipeg, Canada CPAG High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
Men Women
65-79: 46.9% 65-79: 54.4%
80+: 24.4% 80+: 40%
3KKD
Men Women
65-79: 63.4% 65-79: 63.7%
80+: 42.2% 80+: 48.2%
36 Panagiotakos et al. [41] 2007, Cyprus 2004-2005 117 (65+yr) Health and nutrition survey of elderly people in Cyprus (group without diabetes) 67, 57.26% High quality Random sample from multi-geographical area Validated questionnaire
37 Sims et al. [42] 2007, Australia not reported 2005-2006 330 (65+yr), 190F Cross-sectional survey using AAS questions Victoria, Australia 187, 56.7% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
Men:61% Women:54.2%
65-69: 63, 54%70–74: 63, 50.8%
75-79: 49, 70%80–85:23, 56.5%
85+: 9, 44.4%*
38 Tucker et al. [43] 2011, USA 2005–2006 1018 (60+yr) NHANES 2005–2006, self-reported data PAGA 2008(MPA+VPA) High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
534, 52.44%
60-69: 441, 59.7% 70+: 577, 46.9%
PAGA 2008(MPA+2VPA)
538, 52.89%
60-69: 441, 60.6% 70+: 577, 47.0%
500 MET-min•wk-1
572, 56.22%
60-69: 441, 63.6% 70+: 577, 50.8%
39 Tyrovolas et al. [44] 2009, Mediterranean Islands from Greece and Cyprus 2005-2007 930 non-diabetic 74±7.1yr MEDIS (MEDiterranean Islands) study but the Measurement and criteria changed slightly between other Cyprus study 353, 38% High quality Random sample from multi-geographical area Validated questionnaire
40 Gómez et al. [45] 2010, Colombia 2007 1966, 70.7±7.7yr Multilevel cross-sectional study, Bogotá 1227, 62.4% High quality Random sample from multi neighbourhood in one city Validate questionnaire
41 McGuire et al. [46] 2010, USA 2007 6138 (65+yr) BRFSS 2007 of Hawaii, Kansas &Washington 2671, 43.51% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
42 Xu et al. [47] 2009, China 2007 407 (65-69yr) Cross- sectional survey, Guangdong Province using GPAQ Rural 60.9% High quality Regional representative sample Validated questionnaire
Unban 82.6%
43 US CDC, [48] 2008, USA 2007 (65+yr), (whole sample 399,107) BRFSS HP 2010 High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
39.3%
PAGA 2008
51.2%
44 Bird et al. [49] 2008, Australia not reported 2006-2008 66F (69.3 ± 6.7yr) Cross-sectional survey Western Region of Melbourne 55, 83%, Small sample Moderate quality Non-random small sample Validated measurement
45 Carlson et al. [50] 2010, USA 2008 2008 (65+yr), (whole sample 21,781) National Health Interview Survey employed light-moderate to substitute moderate PAGA 2008 High quality National representative sample Validated questionnaire
30.4%
HP 2010
22.6%
46 Hurtig-Wennlof et al. [51] 2010, Sweden not reported before 2009 54 (66-85yr), 31F Direct validity study using accelerometer-measured PA 39, 72.22% Moderate quality Small convenience sample Modified version of validated instrument and Testing of instrument reported.
47 Shores et al. [52] 2009, USA not reported Before 2009 448 (65+yr),238 M Cross-sectional survey Western North Carolina used 7-day recall 134, 29.9% Moderate quality Random sample Low response rate Testing of instrument not reported.
48 Xue [53] 2010, China 2010 2015 (60-75yr),910M Coss-sectional survey Nanjing, Jiangsu province 956, 47.44%, Men:44.2% Women: 50.1% Moderate quality Non-random sample, Validated questionnaire
49 Fleming et al. [54] 2007, USA 1997–2003 43,259 , 74.9± 6.9 yr, 16198M National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) 8695, 20.1% (age adjusted 21.1%), Men: 25.6%, (25.8% adjusted), Women: 16.8%, (17.6% adjusted) High quality National representative sample, Validated questionnaire

Sun et al.

Sun et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:449   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-449

Open Data