Table 4

Mortality hazard ratios (HR) among the unemployed in 1991, by cause of death, controlling for age and for age and all other variables, women aged 30–69 at cohort inception, Canada, 1991–1996, 1997–2001, and 1991-2001
1991-1996 1997-2001 1991-2001
Deaths Controlling for age Controlling for all variables (1) Deaths Controlling for age Controlling for all variables (1) Deaths Controlling for age Controlling for all variables (1)
HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
All causes of death 6,742 1.27 1.16 −1.39 1.25 1.14 −1.36 9,342 1.27 1.18 −1.37 1.23 1.14 −1.32 16,084 1.27 1.20 −1.35 1.24 1.17 −1.31
Malignant neoplasms 4,168 1.11 0.99 −1.25 1.11 0.99 −1.25 5,576 1.10 0.99 −1.22 1.08 0.97 −1.19 9,744 1.10 1.02 −1.19 1.09 1.01 −1.18
Stomach cancer 131 1.18 0.62 −2.24 1.14 0.59 −2.19 172 0.70 0.34 −1.42 0.67 0.33 −1.37 303 0.90 0.56 −1.45 0.87 0.54 −1.40
Lung cancer 884 1.24 0.97 −1.59 1.14 0.89 −1.46 1,321 1.45 1.20 −1.75 1.33 1.10 −1.60 2,205 1.37 1.18 −1.59 1.25 1.08 −1.45
Cancer of intestine and rectum 413 1.20 0.83 −1.72 1.22 0.85 −1.76 551 1.00 0.72 −1.41 0.99 0.71 −1.39 964 1.09 0.85 −1.39 1.09 0.85 −1.40
Other cancers 2,740 1.05 0.91 −1.22 1.08 0.93 −1.26 3,532 1.01 0.88 −1.15 1.01 0.89 −1.16 6,272 1.03 0.93 −1.13 1.04 0.94 −1.15
Circulatory diseases 1,152 1.26 1.01 −1.55 1.22 0.98 −1.51 1,732 1.48 1.26 −1.74 1.39 1.18 −1.64 2,884 1.39 1.22 −1.58 1.32 1.16 −1.50
Acute myocardial infarction 348 1.39 0.95 −2.02 1.36 0.93 −1.98 467 1.41 1.02 −1.95 1.31 0.95 −1.81 815 1.40 1.10 −1.79 1.33 1.04 −1.70
Other ischaemic heart disease 216 1.49 0.94 −2.36 1.39 0.88 −2.22 395 1.51 1.08 −2.13 1.43 1.02 −2.02 611 1.50 1.15 −1.98 1.42 1.08 −1.87
Cerebro-vascular disease 323 0.94 0.60 −1.48 0.89 0.56 −1.40 409 1.59 1.15 −2.20 1.54 1.11 −2.13 732 1.30 1.00 −1.69 1.24 0.95 −1.62
Other circulatory diseases 265 1.30 0.84 −2.01 1.32 0.85 −2.04 461 1.41 1.03 −1.95 1.32 0.95 −1.82 726 1.37 1.06 −1.78 1.32 1.01 −1.71
Respiratory diseases 163 1.34 0.77 −2.32 1.29 0.74 −2.24 335 1.74 1.23 −2.46 1.65 1.17 −2.35 498 1.61 1.20 −2.15 1.53 1.14 −2.06
Alcohol-related diseases 95 2.07 1.13 −3.79 1.82 0.98 −3.35 112 2.52 1.50 −4.23 2.17 1.29 −3.67 207 2.31 1.56 −3.42 2.01 1.35 −2.99
Accidents and violence 560 2.00 1.56 −2.56 1.88 1.46 −2.42 523 1.44 1.08 −1.93 1.42 1.06 −1.91 1,083 1.73 1.43 −2.08 1.66 1.37 −2.01
Suicide 192 2.20 1.46 −3.30 2.10 1.39 −3.17 186 1.42 0.88 −2.32 1.36 0.83 −2.23 378 1.81 1.32 −2.47 1.73 1.26 −2.37
Homicide (2) 33 - - - - - - 23 0.58 0.08 −4.27 0.54 0.07 −4.10 56 0.24 0.03 −1.71 0.22 0.03 −1.60
Traffic accidents 182 1.31 0.78 −2.19 1.24 0.74 −2.09 164 1.09 0.61 −1.97 1.11 0.61 −2.01 346 1.21 0.82 −1.78 1.18 0.80 −1.74
Falls 22 6.32 2.57 −15.5 5.07 2.03 −12.7 23 1.35 0.32 −5.77 1.38 0.32 −6.01 45 3.47 1.67 −7.21 3.16 1.50 −6.65
Other accidents and violence 131 2.78 1.76 −4.39 2.60 1.63 −4.15 127 2.16 1.30 −3.60 2.15 1.28 −3.62 258 2.47 1.76 −3.47 2.39 1.69 −3.37
All other causes 699 1.67 1.31 −2.12 1.55 1.22 −1.98 1,176 1.61 1.33 −1.95 1.50 1.24 −1.82 1,875 1.63 1.41 −1.89 1.52 1.31 −1.77

(1) Adjusted for age, occupational skill level, educational attainment, marital status, year of immigration, and industry sector.

(2) Hazard ratios could not be estimated from multivariate models.

See Appendix for grouping of causes of death by ICD codes.

Mustard et al.

Mustard et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:441   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-441

Open Data