Table 1

Characteristics of study population, Zhejiang metabolic syndrome prevalence survey, China, 2010 a
Characteristics Both genders (N = 16,013) Men (N = 7,422) Women (N = 8,591) p value b
Age (year) 49.4(15.1) 50.3(15.3) 48.6(15.0) <0.01
Weight (kg) 60.0(10.5) 64.3(10.3) 56.2(9.1) <0.01
Height (cm) 160.7(8.0) 166.2(6.6) 156.0(5.9) <0.01
Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.2(3.3) 23.2(3.2) 23.1(3.4) <0.01
General overweight c (%) 24.1(23.4-24.8) 24.9(24.2-25.6) 23.5(22.8-24.2) 0.04
General overweight d (%) 29.9(29.2-30.6) 31.3(30.6-32.0) 28.7(28.0-29.4) <0.01
General obesity c (%) 2.9(2.6-3.1) 2.5(2.1-2.9) 3.2(2.8-3.6) <0.01
General obesity d (%) 7.6(7.2-8.0) 7.4(7.0-7.8) 7.9(7.5-8.1) 0.23
Abdominal overweight (%) 31.3(30.6-32.0) 31.0(29.9-32.1) 31.5(30.5-32.5) 0.48
Abdominal obesity (%) 11.9(11.4-12.4) 9.7(9.0-10.4) 13.9(13.2-14.6) <0.01
Education level (%) <0.01
 Primary or lower 52.0(51.2-52.7) 46.3(45.1-47.4) 56.9(55.8-58.0)
 Secondary 43.3(42.5-44.1) 48.6(47.5-49.8) 38.7(37.7-39.7)
 Advanced 4.7(4.4-5.1) 5.1(4.6-5.6) 4.4(4.0-4.9)
Marital status (%) <0.01
 Single 6.8(6.4-7.2) 8.0(7.4-8.6) 5.8(5.3-6.3)
 Married 87.4(86.8-87.9) 88.5(87.7-89.2) 86.4(85.7-87.1)
 Divorced 0.6(0.5-0.7) 0.7(0.5-0.9) 0.4(0.3-0.6)
 Widowed 5.3(5.0-5.7) 2.8(2.5-3.2) 7.4(6.9-8.0)
Individual SES (%) 0.34
 Low 33.2(32.5-34.0) 33.4(32.3-34.4) 33.1(32.1-34.1)
 Medium 28.2(27.5-28.9) 27.7(26.6-28.7) 28.7(27.7-29.7)
 High 38.6(37.8-39.3) 39.0(37.8-40.1) 38.2(37.2-39.2)
Smoking (%) <0.01
 Non-smoker 69.9(69.2-70.6) 39.2(38.1-40.3) 96.5(96.1-96.9)
 Ex-smoker 7.0(6.6-7.4) 12.0(11.3-12.8) 2.7(2.3-3.0)
 Present-smoker 23.1(22.4-23.7) 48.8(47.6-49.9) 0.9(0.7-1.1)
Alcohol intake (%) <0.01
 Non-drinker 70.3(69.6-71.0) 46.4(45.3-47.6) 90.9(90.2-91.5)
 Once-drinker 4.7(4.4-5.0) 7.2(6.6-7.8) 2.5(2.2-2.9)
 Present-drinker 25.0(24.5-25.7) 46.4(45.2-47.5) 6.6(6.1-7.2)
Physical activity status (%) <0.01
 Active 19.3(18.7-20.0) 26.8(25.8-27.8) 12.9(12.2-13.6)
 Inactive 80.7(80.0-81.3) 73.2(72.2-74.2) 87.1(86.4-87.8)

a Values presented are means or crude rates (with standard deviation or 95% confidence interval).

bp-values for the differences between genders were based on t test or Chi-square test as appropriate.

c Measured by WHO cut-offs.

d Measured by WGOC cut-offs.

Xiao et al.

Xiao et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:355   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-355

Open Data