Table 3

Logistic regression analysis of time perspective across all countries
Predictors Non-smoker OR (95% CI)
Demographics
Age (ref=55+yrs)
18-24 yrs 0.469 (0.375-0.588)***
25-39 yrs 0.400 (0.346-0.461)***
40-54 yrs 0.504 (0.445-0.571)***
Sex (ref=female)
Male 0.155 (0.139-0.173)***
Ethnicity (ref=otherwise)
Majority 0.776 (0.658-0.916)**
Income (ref=low)
Moderate 1.278 (1.118-1.460)***
High 1.398 (1.201-1.626)***
No answer 1.671 (1.377-2.028)***
Education (ref=low)
Moderate 1.147 (0.990-1.328)
High 1.797 (1.526-2.116)***
No answer 1.992 (0.162-24.483)
Time perspective (ref=present-oriented)
Future-oriented 1.357 (1.220-1.508)***

**p<.01, ***p<.001.

Note: the country variable was also controlled for in the analysis.

Sansone et al.

Sansone et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:346   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-346

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