Table 1

Mean and SD of dietary diversity score (DDS), dietary diversity score of portions (DDSP) and food variety score (FVS)
Subjects’ characteristics DDS DDSP FVS
Mean SD P value Mean SD P value Mean SD P value
Gender
Male (n= 168) 6.23 1.57 0.06 3.26 1.18 0.24 9.55 2.42 0.002
Female (n= 313) 6.50 1.53 3.17 1.15 10.24 2.22
Area of residence
Urban (n=157) 6.67 1.53 <0.001 3.47 1.12 0.001 10.55 2.26 <0.001
Rural (n=285) 6.38 1.56 3.14 1.17 9.93 2.31
Estate (n=39) 5.64 1.27 2.56 0.99 8.28 1.62
Ethnicity
Sinhalese (n= 373) 6.56 1.58 <0.001 3.22 1.16 0.012 10.18 2.36 <0.001
Muslim (n= 28) 6.57 1.23 3.50 1.29 10.07 2.28
Sri Lankan Tamil (n= 42) 5.71 1.27 3.33 1.10 9.83 1.78
Indian Tamil (n = 38) 5.55 1.25 2.61 0.97 8.21 1.58
Educational level
No schooling (n=30) 5.83 1.42 <0.001 2.63 1.06 0.001 9.00 2.13 <0.001
Up to grade 5 (n= 122) 6.02 1.45 2.95 1.10 9.31 2.04
Up to O/L ( n=186) 6.53 1.53 3.20 1.10 10.10 2.26
Up to A/L ( n= 118) 6.64 1.52 3.51 1.25 10.52 2.48
Graduate (n= 23) 7.09 1.90 3.61 1.12 11.30 1.99
Age category (years)
18 – 30 (n= 61) 6.00 1.60 0.051 3.20 1.12 0.14 9.69 2.70 0.39
31 – 40 (n= 84) 6.70 1.56 3.20 1.10 10.31 2.50
41 – 50 (n=121) 6.60 1.57 3.17 1.18 10.07 2.28
51 – 60 (n=110) 6.33 1.43 3.25 1.17 9.93 2.15
> 61 (n=104) 6.26 1.53 3.19 1.22 9.91 2.13
BMI category
≤ 18.5 kgm-2 (n =74) 5.69 1.52 <0.001 2.86 1.01 0.016 8.86 2.07 <0.001
>18.5 - ≤ 22.9kgm2 (n=172) 6.52 1.47 3.20 1.14 9.99 2.20
>23 - ≤ 24.9 kgm-2 (n=87) 6.34 1.68 3.11 1.20 10.07 2.25
≥25.0 kgm-2 (n= 146) 6.67 1.46 3.41 1.19 10.55 2.42
Abdominal obesity
Yes (n=163) 6.69 1.50 0.005 3.37 1.18 0.046 10.61 2.30 <0.001
No (n= 316) 6.27 1.56 3.10 1.14 9.69 2.27
Diabetes mellitus
Yes ( n = 60) 6.77 1.65 0.23 3.52 1.09 0.16 10.32 2.30 0.67
No (n= 421) 6.36 1.53 3.15 1.17 9.95 2.32

Jayawardena et al.

Jayawardena et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:314   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-314

Open Data