Table 1

Descriptive statistics in smoking, nicotine dependence and personality pattern variables
Total (N = 288) Men (N = 118) Women (N = 170)
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD t
CPD 21.70 8.37 23.07 8.74 20.75 7.99 2.33*
FTND 5.07 2.19 4.94 2.34 5.16 2.07 −0.83
Personality patterns
Schizoid 38.75 20.47 37.63 20.63 39.53 20.39 −0.76
Avoidant 35.95 24.55 35.87 24.07 36.01 24.95 −0.05
Depressive 31.88 25.72 30.22 24.97 33.03 26.23 −0.91
Dependent 37.45 23.81 37.89 21.56 37.15 25.31 0.26
Histrionic 55.77 21.09 50.14 19.62 59.68 21.24 −3.87***
Narcissistic 60.01 16.43 67.27 13.00 54.98 16.71 6.71***
Antisocial 46.41 20.25 43.88 20.66 48.17 19.84 −1.77
Sadistic (Aggressive) 42.93 21.30 42.32 22.71 43.35 20.32 −0.40
Compulsive 58.08 18.42 54.20 18.18 60.76 18.15 −3.02**
Negativistic (Passive-Aggressive) 39.92 22.18 40.28 22.42 39.66 22.08 0.23
Masochistic (Self-Defeating) 28.28 23.17 25.94 22.64 29.91 23.47 −1.43
Schizotypal 24.03 24.43 23.88 24.38 24.14 24.54 −0.09
Borderline 34.03 22.64 33.12 22.93 34.66 22.48 −0.57
Paranoid 34.73 25.53 34.85 24.63 34.65 26.21 0.07

CPD = Cigarettes per day; FTND = Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence.

*p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001.

Piñeiro et al.

Piñeiro et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:306   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-306

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