Table 4

Univariate analysis of intestinal parasitic infections and potential risk factors among children at the University of Gondar Community School, Northwest Ethiopia, April-June 2012
Risk factor Parasite status
Positive N = 104 Negative N = 200 Total N = 304 P-Value Crude OR (95% CI )
Gender
  Female 43 (32.1) 91 (67.9) 134 (44.1) 0.431 1.11 (0.49 - 2.50)
  Male 61 (35.9) 109 (64.1) 170 (55.9)
Age
  ≤ 9 41 (31.1) 91 (68.9) 132 (43..4) 0.460 1.91 (0.54 -7.52)
  10-12 50 (42.4) 68 (57.6) 118 (38.8)
  ≥ 13 13 (24.1) 41 (75.9) 54 (17.8)
Level of education
  Grade 1-3 74 (64.3) 41 (35.7) 115 (37.3) 0.031 4.20 (3.34 - 8.50)
  Grade 4-8 30 (15.9) 159 (84.1) 189 (62.7)
Number of siblings
  ≤ 2 66 (38.4) 106 (61.6) 172 (56.6) 0.081 2.60 (1.12 - 6.06)
  ≥ 3 38 (28.9) 94 (71.1) 132 (43.4)
Hand washing habit
  Yes 28 (25.5) 82 (74.5) 110 (36.2) 0.0076 6.45 (4.55- 11.90)
  No 76 (39.2) 118 60.8) 194 (63.8)
Family monthly income (ETB*)
  <1000 46 (38.3) 74 (61.7) 120 (39.5) 0.420 1.59 (0.26-1.36)
  1000-2000 39 (32.8) 80 (67.2) 119 (39.1)
  >2000 19 (29.2) 46 (70.8) 65 (21.4)
Type of transportation
  By car 44 (21.8) 158 (78.2) 202 (66.4) 0.0001 5.3 (2.62- 8.45)
  On foot 60 (58.8) 42 (41,2) 102 (33.6)
Swimming habit
  Yes 21 (32.3) 44 (67.7) 65 (21.4) 0.925 1.03 (0.51- 2.09)
  Never swim 83 (34.7) 156 (65.3) 239 (78.6)
Religion
  Christian 90 (33.3) 182 (67.7) 272 (89.5) 0.795 1.76 (0.85- 3.65)
  Muslim 14 (43.8) 18 (56.2) 32 (10.5)

* Ethiopian Birr.

Gelaw et al.

Gelaw et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:304   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-304

Open Data