Table 4

Crude prevalence and adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval of frequent insufficient sleep (≥14 days/30 days) by individual ACEs and ACE score, 2009 BRFSS
ACE % (95% CI) Model 1 AOR (95% CI) Model 2 AOR (95% CI) Model 3 AOR (95% CI)
Verbal abuse
No 25.6 (24.4-26.8) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
Yes 37.9 (35.8-40.0) 1.59 (1.42-1.79) 1.50 (1.33-1.68)* 1.32 (1.16-1.50)†
Physical abuse
No 26.7 (25.6-27.8) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
Yes 40.9 (38.0-43.8) 1.71 (1.50-1.97) 1.62 (1.41-1.86)* 1.43 (1.23-1.65)**
Sexual abuse
No 27.1 (26.0-28.3) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
Yes 40.9 (37.9-43.8) 1.66 (1.44-1.93) 1.56 (1.35-1.81)* 1.40 (1.19-1.64)**
Substance abusing household member
No 25.7 (24.5-26.8) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
Yes 36.4 (34.3-38.6) 1.47 (1.30-1.65) 1.38 (1.23-1.55)* 1.25 (1.10-1.42)†
Mentally ill Household member
No 26.0 (24.8-27.1) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
Yes 40.4 (37.9-43.0) 1.68 (1.47-1.92) 1.60 (1.40-1.83)* 1.42 (1.23-1.64)**
Witnessing domestic violence
No 26.8 (25.7-27.9) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
Yes 39.1 (36.2-42.0) 1.58 (1.37-1.82) 1.51 (1.31-1.73)* 1.35 (1.16-1.57)**
Incarcerated household member
No 27.8 (26.7-28.8) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
Yes 42.1 (36.7-47.5) 1.54 (1.21-1.95) 1.40 (1.10-1.78)** 1.23 (0.95-1.60)†
Parental separation/ divorce
No 26.5 (25.4-27.7) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
Yes 35.0 (32.6-37.3) 1.23 (1.08-1.40) 1.16 (1.02-1.32)** 1.14 (0.99-1.31)**
ACE score
0 21.3 (19.8-22.8) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
1 27.0 (24.9-29.1) 1.28 (1.11-1.49) 1.25 (1.08-1.45)* 1.21 (1.04-1.41)**
2 34.7 (31.6-37.8) 1.74 (1.46-2.06) 1.68 (1.41-1.99) 1.61 (1.35-1.92)*
3 34.4 (31.0-37.8) 1.68 (1.40-2.02) 1.60 (1.33-1.93)* 1.41 (1.15-1.72)**
4 38.1 (33.0-43.2) 1.91 (1.48-2.46) 1.77 (1.39-2.26)* 1.56 (1.20-2.03)**
≥5 47.0 (42.9-51.0) 2.53 (2.09-3.06) 2.26 (1.86-2.75)* 1.80 (1.46-2.21)†

Model 1: multivariate logistic regression model with sex, age, race/ethnicity, education, and categorical BMI.

Model 2: Model 1 plus smoking status (current smoking vs. former smoker/never smoked).

Model 3: Model 1 plus FMD.

*-10%-<20% percentage change of OR in term of formula=((OR1-OR2(3))/(OR1-1.0))*100.

** 20%-<40% percentage change of OR.

†40%-<60% percentage change of OR.

Chapman et al.

Chapman et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:3   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-3

Open Data