Table 3

Prevalence of current smoking and frequent mental distress by individual ACEs and ACE score, 2009 BRFSS
Adverse childhood experience Current smoking % (95% CI) Frequent mental distress % (95% CI)
Verbal abuse
No 16.1 (15.0-17.2) 8.2 ( 7.4- 9.0)
Yes 26.4 (24.4-28.4) 18.2 (16.5-20.0)
Physical abuse
No 17.1 (16.1-18.1) 9.1 ( 8.3- 9.9)
Yes 28.5 (25.8-31.2) 21.1 (18.7-23.4)
Sexual abuse
No 17.6 (16.6-18.6) 9.4 ( 8.6-10.2)
Yes 27.4 (24.5-30.3) 21.2 (18.8-23.6)
Substance abusing household member
No 15.5 (14.5-16.6) 8.3 ( 7.5- 9.1)
Yes 26.7 (24.6-28.8) 17.0 (15.3-18.7)
Mentally ill household member
No 17.4 (16.3-18.4) 8.8 ( 8.0- 9.6)
Yes 24.6 (22.4-26.9) 19.3 (17.3-21.3)
Witnessing domestic violence
No 17.1 (16.1-18.0) 9.2 ( 8.4- 9.9)
Yes 27.7 (24.7-30.6) 19.4 (16.9-21.9)
Incarcerated household member
No 17.3 (16.4-18.3) 9.9 ( 9.2-10.6)
Yes 37.5 (32.0-43.0) 22.9 (18.4-27.4)
Parental separation/ divorce
No 15.8 (14.8-16.7) 9.6 ( 8.8-10.4)
Yes 27.1 (24.7-29.5) 14.2 (12.3-16.1)
ACE score
0 13.0 (11.7-14.2) 6.0 ( 5.1- 6.9)
1 17.9 (15.9-19.9) 8.9 ( 7.2-10.5)
2 19.5 (16.6-22.4) 11.1 ( 9.3-12.9)
3 21.4 (18.2-24.6) 16.8 (13.5-20.0)
4 27.8 (23.0-32.5) 17.2 (13.8-20.6)
≥5 37.8 (33.7-41.9) 27.3 (23.6-30.9)

Chapman et al.

Chapman et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:3   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-3

Open Data