Table 2

Univariate multilevel analysis of PMTCT performance by site-, program- and contextual-level predictors: testing, treating and nevirapine coverage ratio (NCR)
Number of sites Tested women percentage p-value Treated women percentage p-value NCR p-value
Site characteristics
Type of health facility
  Primary care clinic 185 61.6 0.79 73.8 0.47 46.8 0.53
  General or University Hospital 84 61.2 62.4 37.4
Activity (antenatal care)
  < 30 / month 90 61.6 0.01 73.7 0.06 45.5 0.05
  30 - 100 / month 84 56.7 63.5 35.8
  >100 / month 95 65.6 72.8 49.4
Program characteristics
Type of institution responsible
  Public 113 62.5 0.81 66.4 0.28 42.8 0.47
  Private/NGO 156 60.8 72.9 44.6
Number of sites
  <Median (1–3) 16 56.4 0.27 61.9 0.92 35.3 0.38
  >Median (4–80) 253 61.8 70.7 44.4
Country-level characteristics
African region
  South 67 81.2 0.23 82.2 0.05 67.9 0.03
  West 62 52.0 67.9 35.7
  Centre 51 65.6 53.8 33.8
  East 89 50.9 72.2 37.1
Prevalence of HIV (% of 15-49y)
  <Median (1.2-5.4) 110 57.8 0.32 61.1 0.002 34.4 0.01
  >Median (6.4-23.4) 159 64.0 76.5 50.4
% Tested for HIV
  <Median (2.8-6.3) 95 54.7 0.22 66.4 0.14 35.7 0.05
  >Median (7.1-19.6) 170 65.8 72.9 48.9
% Have heard of AIDS
  <Median (91.8-96.9) 101 59.1 0.79 70.6 0.98 42.8 0.92
  >Median (98.8-99.9) 165 63.6 70.8 45.2
% Accepting (stigma)
  <Median (5.1-29.3) 131 62.8 0.66 70.8 0.31 45.0 0.26
  >Median (30.2-48.5) 134 60.9 70.4 43.3
% With knowledge about PMTCT
  <Median (2.7-33.1) 121 53.6 0.09 67.2 0.14 34.8 0.01
  >Median (33.3-66.2) 144 68.8 73.5 52.0
% With comprehensive knowledge about AIDS
  <Median (18.7-30.5) 89 53.4 0.17 66.7 0.54 35.0 0.12
  >Median (36.5-55.3) 163 63.6 70.7 45.2
Rural population (% of total population)
  <Median (17.1-65.0) 122 67.3 0.26 76.2 0.44 53.4 0.18
  >Median (68.4-87.6) 147 57.3 66.8 37.2
Healthcare expenditure (% of GDP*)
  <Median (3.0-6.7) 171 50.9 <10-4 70.5 0.92 36.4 0.10
  >Median (7.0-10.0) 98 80.0 69.7 56.9
GDP per capita ($)
  <Median (144.6-615.8) 141 57.1 0.58 66.7 0.80 36.9 0.75
  >Median (1295.3-13338.8)) 128 66.4 74.1 51.5

*Gross Domestic Product.

Audureau et al.

Audureau et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:286   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-286

Open Data