Table 1

Sample characteristics and village-level information by HBC and VLC
Information All n (%) HBC n (%) VLC n (%)
Household-level information 1040(100.00) 153(14.71) 413(39.71)
Number of family members (<4) 228(21.92) 46(30.07) 84(20.34)
Number of pre-school-aged children (>1) 456(43.85) 63(41.18) 183(44.31)
Drinking boiled water usually 839(80.67) 119(77.78) 343(83.05)
Economic status of the family
 Rich 275(26.44) 36(23.53) 134(32.45)
 Medium 209(20.10) 31(20.26) 79(19.13)
 Poor 556(53.46) 86(56.21) 200(48.43)
Mother care 873(83.94) 136(88.89) 325(78.69)
Han ethnicity 551(52.98) 49(32.03) 250(60.53)
Age of mothers (25–34 year) 562(54.04) 74(48.37) 249(60.29)
Maternal education (0–9 years) 964(92.69) 145(94.77) 400(96.85)
Receiving educational materials about childhood diseases 823(79.13) 117(76.47) 330(79.90)
The number of danger signs recognized (mean, SD) 2.92,1.85 2.46(1.26) 3.08(1.96)
Age of diarrhea children
 0-12 months 509(48.94) 59(38.56) 191(46.25)
 13-24 months 360(34.62) 56(36.60) 147(35.59)
 25-36 months 171(16.44) 38(24.84) 75(18.16)
Boy 615(59.13) 86(56.21) 247(59.81)
Breastfeeding when surveyed 534(51.26) 75(49.02) 197(47.70)
Oral vitamin A in the previous year 583(56.06) 89(58.17) 243(58.84)
bVillage-level information (n)
Number of retail pharmacies (≥1) 63(11.93) 7(6.49) 45(15.68)
Number of village doctors (one doctor) 321(60.80) 77(71.30) 258(89.90)
Age of village doctors (≥35 years) 360(68.18) 72(66.67) 182(66.90)
Education of village doctors(Technical school and above) 266(50.38) 43(39.81) 162(56.45)
Practice period of village doctors(≥10 years) 297(56.25) 65(63.11) 170(59.23)
Available ORS in village clinic 208(39.39) 22(20.37) 134(46.69)

aHBC, home-based care, VLC, village-level care.

bThe information of nine villages was missing.

Gao et al.

Gao et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:238   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-238

Open Data