Table 4

Weighted prevalences for risk factors for HIV infection by immigration status
Risk factors Other^ (n = 21) Permanent resident/landed immigrant or refugee (n = 38) Naturalized Canadian citizen (n = 96) Canadian-born (n = 29) P-value
wPrev (95% CI) wPrev (95% CI) wPrev (95% CI) wPrev (95% CI)
Factors associated with exposure to HIV
Age of sexual debut 0.516b
  Never had sex 28.1 (13.2, 50.1) 19.9 (6.3, 47.6) 10.1 (5.4, 18.2) 6.9 (1.9, 21.9)
  12 years old or younger 21.6 (5.8, 55.2) —— 9.8 (3.3, 25.6) 5.3 (1.0, 23.4)
  13 to 15 years old 16.2 (4.9, 42.1) 5.3 (1.5, 17.3) 9.5 (3.8, 21.9) 17.1 (7.1, 36.0)
  16 to 18 years old 7.4 (1.8, 26.2) 27.4 (12.3, 50.3) 33.1 (22.3, 46.0) 31.3 (14.8, 54.4)
  19+ years old 20.5 (8.6, 41.6) 43.4 (19.8, 70.3) 22.5 (14.5, 33.1) 37.6 (18.2, 62.0)
Engaged in transactional sex 10.1 (2.9, 29.6) —— 0.9 (0.14, 5.4) 8.5 (2.3, 26.6) 0.205b
History of forced/unwanted sex 16.7 (5.5, 40.9) 7.8 (2.7, 20.7) 13.7 (7.8, 23.0) 58.5 (37.2, 77.0) <0.001a*
Had a sexual partner who injected drugs —— —— 0.7 (0.1, 5.0) 11.0 (3.7, 28.8) 0.105b
Factors associated HIV exposure and transmission
Ever test for HIV 61.5 (38.9, 80.0) 80.2 (52.5, 93.7) 41.8 (29.8, 54.9) 72.0 (51.5, 86.1) 0.040a*
HIV test in Canada, past year 4.9 (0.9, 22.9) 16.2 (7.6, 31.3) 19.2 (10.7, 32.1) 7.4 (2.1, 22.6) 0.212a
Shared drug use equipment —— —— —— 4.2 (0.8, 19.5) 0.380b
Abstinence, lifetime 28.1 (13.2, 50.1) 19.9 (6.3, 47.6) 10.1 (5.4, 18.2) 6.9 (1.9, 21.9) 0.223a
Abstinence, past year 44.7 (24.2, 67.2) 35.6 (16.1, 61.3) 26.6 (17.2, 38.8) 10.0 (3.4, 25.9) 0.140a
Unprotected sex, cohabiting regular partner, past year 22.6 (9.1, 45.8) 50.9 (26.4, 74.9) 56.2 (42.9, 68.6) 44.9 (25.4, 66.2) 0.314a
Unprotected sex, non-cohabiting regular partner, past year 10.3 (3.0, 29.9) 44.9 (21.1, 71.2) 43.7 (31.4, 56.8) 38.1 (20.6, 59.3) 0.240a
Unprotected sex during last intercourse, regular partner 10.3 (3.0, 29.9) 47.0 (23.0, 72.4) 48.0 (35.3, 61.0) 25.8 (12.5, 45.9) 0.072a
Unprotected sex, casual partner, past year 7.5 (1.8, 26.3) 1.5 (0.2, 11.8) 14.8 (6.3, 31.0) 5.5 (1.3, 20.0) 0.090a
Unprotected sex during last intercourse, casual partner —— 27.7 (7.8, 63.5) 11.5 (4.3, 27.5) 5.5 (1.3, 20.0) 0.143b
Never using condom, past year 6.9 (1.5, 26.1) 27.4 (13.8, 47.1) 44.0 (31.3, 57.6) 43.6 (23.5, 66.0) 0.081a
Ever mixed sex with drugs or alcohol 33.8 (16.4, 57.2) 18.0 (7.9, 36.1) 31.7 (20.5, 45.6) 63.9 (40.4, 82.1) 0.014a*
Non-monogamous sexual partnership, past year 36.0 (15.3, 63.5) 7.6 (2.1, 23.7) 12.8 (5.4, 27.3) 16.6 (6.5, 36.0) 0.194a
History of sexually transmitted infections 13.3 (4.4, 33.4) 17.0 (7.0, 35.5) 20.8 (11.3, 35.0) 42.3 (23.1, 64.1) 0.358a
Number of sex partners, lifetime 0.135b
  None 28.1 (13.2, 50.1) 19.9 (6.3, 47.6) 0.1 (5.4, 18.2) 6.9 (1.9, 21.9)
  1 —— 24.0 (5.6, 62.5) 8.4 (4.3, 15.6) ——
  2 to 4 20.2 (8.4, 41.3) 20.4 (9.6, 38.0) 21.9 (13.8, 33.0) 6.6 (1.8, 21.5)
  5 to 9 18.3 (6.5, 41.8) 15.8 (5.6, 37.3) 20.3 (11.0, 34.3) 23.4 (9.2, 48.1)
  10 to 19 7.7 (1.9, 26.6) 4.9 (0.9, 22.6) 7.9 (3.4, 17.1) 34.3 (15.9, 59.1)
  20 or more 18.5 (4.1, 54.6) 2.0 (0.3, 12.5) 13.4 (5.9, 27.7) 14.4 (5.5, 32.6)
Number of sex partners, past year (p = 0.087)a
  0 44.7 (24.2, 67.2) 35.6 (16.1, 61.3) 26.6 (17.2, 38.8) 10.0 (3.4, 25.9)
  1 15.5 (5.6, 36.0) 27.3 (13.2, 48.1) 40.0 (28.2, 53.0) 56.9 (34.6, 76.8)
  2 23.9 (7.2, 56.0) 26.0 (6.8, 62.7) 18.8 (10.7, 30.9) 3.9 (0.7, 17.8)
  3 or more 15.9 (5.1, 40.2) 6.1 (1.4, 22.7) 7.9 (2.5, 22.5) 29.2 (12.2, 55.0)

n = column total, not adjusted for nonresponse using sample weights.

a P-value from Rao-Scott chi-square test.

b P-value from Rao-Scott chi-square test with assumed design correction of 2 (conservative estimate).

^Includes temporary workers, visitors, students and non-status individuals.

*Statistically significant at p = 0.05.

Baidoobonso et al.

Baidoobonso et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:184   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-184

Open Data