Table 2

Weighted prevalences for risk factors for HIV infection by poverty status
Risk factors At or below LICO (n = 53) Above LICO (n = 122) P-value
wPrev (95% CI) wPrev (95% CI)
Factors associated with exposure to HIV
Age of sexual debut 0.357a
  Never had sex 23.9 (11.0, 44.3) 7.5 (4.0, 13.5)
  12 years old or younger 5.6 (1.23, 21.8) 8.9 (3.3, 21.7)
  13 to 15 years old 8.7 (3.6, 19.4) 11.6 (5.8, 21.7)
  16 to 18 years old 30.9 (16.9, 49.6) 25.4 (16.6, 36.7)
  19+ years old 29.3 (13.8, 51.9) 34.0 (21.6, 49.0)
Engaged in transactional sex 4.1 (1.2, 13.2) 2.2 (0.6, 8.2) 0.583a
History of forced/unwanted sex 9.8 (4.3, 20.8) 25.0 (15.6, 37.5) 0.011a*
Had a sexual partner who injected drugs 1.4 (0.2, 9.2) 2.7 (0.8, 8.5) 0.565a
Factors associated HIV exposure and transmission
Ever test for HIV 55.0 (35.7, 72.9) 61.2 (48.3, 72.6) 0.702a
HIV test in Canada, past year 22.7 (8.8, 47.1) 16.2 (9.3, 26.8) 0.510a
Shared drug use equipment —— 1.1 (0.2, 6.0) 0.581b
Abstinence, lifetime 23.9 (11.0, 44.3) 7.5 (4.0, 13.5) 0.014a*
Abstinence, past year 41.2 (24.1, 60.7) 16.3 (10.5, 24.5) 0.006a*
Unprotected sex, cohabiting regular partner, past year 27.9 (15.7, 44.6) 59.9 (46.6, 71.9) 0.001a*
Unprotected sex, non-cohabiting regular partner, past year 18.1 (9.0, 33.0) 48.8 (35.7, 62.0) <0.001a*
Unprotected sex during last intercourse, regular partner 24.0 (13.0, 40.1) 46.0 (33.0, 59.6) 0.016a*
Unprotected sex, casual partner, past year 4.8 (1.5, 14.2) 11.4 (4.7, 25.1) 0.113a
Unprotected sex during last intercourse, casual partner 6.6 (2.0, 19.3) 16.9 (6.6, 37.0) 0.217a
Never using condom, past year 21.9 (11.3, 38.2) 44.0 (32.4, 56.4) 0.027a*
Ever mixed sex with drugs or alcohol 34.3 (17.8, 55.7) 38.8 (27.0, 52.0) 0.664a
Non-monogamous sexual partnership, past year 29.8 (13.8, 53.0) 12.5 (5.9, 24.5) 0.114a
History of sexually transmitted infections 14.3 (6.9, 27.3) 27.4 (17.5, 40.2) 0.109a
Number of sex partners, lifetime 0.312a
  None 23.9 (11.0, 44.4) 7.5 (4.0, 13.5)
  1 4.7 (1.5, 14.1) 12.6 (4.1, 32.6)
  2 to 4 21.6 (11.7, 36.5) 16.0 (10.2, 24.2)
  5 to 9 13.9 (5.2, 32.2) 18.7 (10.8, 30.3)
  10 to 19 19.2 (6.2, 45.9) 14.7 (7.7, 26.5)
  20 or more 10.3 (3.8, 25.1) 12.2 (5.7, 24.1)
Number of sex partners, past year 0.146a
  0 41.2 (24.1, 60.7) 16.3 (10.5, 24.5)
  1 25.2 (13.8, 41.5) 42.8 (30.8, 55.8)
  2 20.7 (7.1, 47.0) 23.5 (12.3, 40.2)
  3 or more 12.9 (5.7, 26.7) 11.8 (5.0, 25.4)

n = column total, not adjusted for nonresponse using sample weights.

a P-value from Rao-Scott chi-square test.

b P-value from Rao-Scott chi-square test with assumed design correction of 2 (conservative estimate).

*Statistically significant at p = 0.05.

Baidoobonso et al.

Baidoobonso et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:184   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-184

Open Data