Table 1

Baseline characteristics of participants
Characteristic % (number)
General health fair or poor 47% (216/460)
Phlegm most days a week 52% (239/458)
Shortness of breath most days a week 62% (288/461)
4 or more bouts of severe chest trouble over winter 22% (99/457)
Able to walk only 100m or less on the flat before stopping for breath 42% (192/457)
At least one cold/flu over winter 65% (294/453)
Ever told have heart disease 47% (210/446)
Ever told have at least 2 of heart disease, cancer, liver disease, renal disease, diabetes, arthritis 42% (179/430)
On home oxygen 8% (39/460)
Received flu vaccine 84% (387/458)
Received pneumonia (pneumococcal) vaccine 22% (96/420)
Lived in dwelling for more than 9 years 63% (290/463)
Dwelling built before 1977 72% (303/422)
Own the dwelling 76% (350/462)
Dwelling always cold 42% (196/462)
Cold at least partly to keep cost of heating down 48% (213/445)
Shivered inside at least once previous winter 56% (249/445)
‘Dragon breath’ inside at least once previous winter 39% (177/450)
Plug in medical equipment 21% (94/454)
Gave “no other choice” as a reason for main form of heating 43% (193/450)
Gave cheap or easy to budget with as reason for main form of heating 29% (129/450)
Eligible for a high use health card* 60% (251/416)
Eligible for community services card ** 77% (337/438)
Receive a disability allowance 51% (220/435)
Currently smoke daily 17% (81/463)
European ethnicity 77% (349/452)
Māori ethnicity 20% (92/452)
Pacific ethnicity 2% (10/452)
Male 50% (228/456)
Aged under 65 27% (122/455)
Aged over 80 18% (81/455)
Median age 71 Years

*This card entitles some frequent users of health services to reduced health co-payments.

** This card entitles people on low income to reduced health (and some other) co-payments.

Viggers et al.

Viggers et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:176   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-176

Open Data