Table 4

Association between indicators of MCV1 coverage and socioeconomic status
All children in study (n = 1226)
Asset quintile Total p-value2
1 – poorest 2 3 4 5 - wealthiest
Maternal recall (n = 1226)1 83.7 88.0 93.1 95.1 94.2 90.8
(78.4, 88.1) (83.3, 91.8) (89.2, 95.9) (91.5, 97.4) (90.4, 96.8) (89.0, 92.3) <0.001
Card + History (n = 1226)1 78.0 80.8 84.6 88.5 89.6 84.2 0.003
(72.3, 83.1) (75.4, 85.5) (79.4, 88.8) (83.8, 92.2) (85.1, 93.2) (82.1, 86.2)
Card record (n = 1046) 82.8 84.7 84.8 86.7 89.4 85.7
(77.0, 87.6) (79.1, 89.3) (79.4, 89.2) (81.2, 91.1) (84.4, 93.2) (83.4, 87.7) 0.135
Oral fluid (n = 1226)1 49.2 55.2 60.6 61.7 60.2 57.3
(42.8, 55.6) (48.8, 61.5) (54.2, 66.7) (55.3, 67.9) (53.7, 66.4) (54.5, 60.1) 0.004
EPI records (n = 913) 87.9 89.0 88.7 91.0 84.8 88.4
(82.5, 92.1) (83.7, 93.1) (83.1, 93.0) (86.0, 94.6) (78.2, 90.0) (86.1, 90.4) 0.25
% of EPI records found 78% 76% 70% 75% 63% 73%
Children with blood samples (n = 342)
1 - poorest 2 3 4 5 - wealthiest Total p-value2
Maternal recall (n = 342) 86.8 87.3 92.7 93.8 94.7 90.9
(77.1, 93.5) (77.3, 94.0) (82.4, 98.0) (84.8, 98.3) (87.1, 98.5) (87.4, 93.8) 0.163
Card + History (n = 342) 81.6 74.6 85.5 87.5 93.4 84.5
(71.0, 89.5) (62.9, 84.2) (73.3, 93.5) (76.8, 94.4) (85.3, 97.8) (80.2, 88.2) 0.425
Card record (n = 294)1 82.1 78.3 86.3 88.0 92.4 85.4
(70.8, 90.4) (65.8, 87.9) (73.7, 94.3) (75.7, 95.5) (83.2, 97.5) (80.8, 89.2) 0.388
Oral fluid (n = 330)1 50.7 52.8 54.7 61.7 55.4 54.8
(38.7, 62.6) (40.6, 64.9) (40.4, 68.4) (48.2, 73.9) (43.4, 67.0) (49.3, 60.3) 0.418
Serum (n = 342) 80.2 90.1 89.1 90.6 93.4 88.6
(69.5, 88.5) (80.7, 95.9) (77.8, 95.9) (85.3, 98.9) (85.3, 97.8) (85.2, 92.0) 0.011
EPI records (n = 278)1 87 89.6 91.3 88.4 73.6 86
(76.7, 93.8) (78.8, 96.1) (79.2, 97.6) (76.6, 95.6) (59.7, 84.7) (81.3, 89.8) 0.786
% of EPI records found 91% 82% 84% 82% 70% 81%

1 Restricted analysis to children with serum and vaccination card records (n = 294), adequate OF samples (n = 330), or EPI records (n = 278).

2 Z-test comparing quintile 1 vs. quintiles 2–5.

Hayford et al.

Hayford et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:1211   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-1211

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