Table 1

Characteristics of enrolled children and factors associated with receipt of MCV1
Card + History indicator
Overall Vaccinated Unvaccinated
Frequency % (1033 children) (193 children) p-value1
Age at enrollment, mean (SD) 14.5 (1.4) 14.5 (1.5) 14.5 (1.4) 0.930
Male 628 51.2 534 (51.7) 94 (48.7) 0.446
Father’s education, median [IQR] (years) 7 [5, 9] 7 [5, 10] 5 [0, 9] <0.001
Mother’s education, median [IQR](years) 7 [4, 9] 7 [5, 9] 5 [2, 8] <0.001
Mother had job in last 3 years 154 12.6 116 (11.2) 38 (19.7) 0.001
Asset quintile (2010)2
   1 - poorest 246 20.1 192 (18.6) 54 (28.0) 0.001
   2 250 20.4 202 (19.6) 48 (24.9)
   3 246 20.1 208 (20.1) 38 (19.7)
   4 243 19.8 215 (20.8) 28 (14.5)
   5 - wealthiest 241 19.7 216 (20.9) 25 (13.0)
Retained child's vaccination card 1019 83.1 872 (84.4) 147 (76.1) 0.005
Mother responsible for bringing child for vaccinations 1060 86.5 903 (87.4) 159 (79.9) 0.006
Location of child’s delivery3
   Hospital or clinic 460 37.5 402 (38.9) 58 (30.0) 0.034
   House (own, family or friend’s home) 752 61.3 621 (60.1) 131 (67.9)
Person assisting with child's delivery3
   Qualified doctor 283 23.1 253 (24.5) 30 (15.4) 0.029
   Skilled birth attendant 209 17.0 178 (17.2) 31 (16.1)
   Traditional birth attendant 73 54.9 554 (53.6) 119 (61.7)
   Other (mother, informal health worker, alone) 47 3.8 38 (3.7) 9 (4.7)
Antenatal care visits3
   None 320 26.1 251 (24.3) 69 (35.8) <0.001
   1 246 20.1 203 (19.6) 43 (22.3)
   2 or more 645 52.6 568 (55.0) 77 (39.9)
Postnatal care visits3
   None 645 52.6 525 (50.8) 120 (62.2) 0.007
   1 412 33.6 364 (35.2) 48 (24.9)
   2 or more 155 12.6 134 (13.0) 21 (10.9)

1Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables. Wilcoxon rank sum test for non-normal continuous variables.

2Asset quintiles calculated using principal component analysis from household asset data.

3Data on child’s delivery (n = 14), antenatal care (n = 15) and postnatal care (n = 14) not available for small number of children.

Hayford et al.

Hayford et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:1211   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-1211

Open Data