Table 5

Description of various factors that influence mother to child transmission of HIV
Factor Description
Viral Viral genotype and phenotype, viral resistance and viral load
Maternal Maternal immunological status, maternal nutritional status, maternal clinical status, behavioural factors and antiretroviral treatment
Obstetrical Prolonged rupture of membranes (>4 hrs), mode of delivery, intrapartum haemorrhage, obstetrical procedures and invasive foetal monitoring
Foetal Prematurity, genetic and multiple pregnancy
Infant Breast feeding, gastrointestinal tract factors, immature immune system and ARV prophylaxis

Ngwende et al.

Ngwende et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:1181   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-1181

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