Table 3

Risk factors associated with HIV infection among children born to mothers on the PMTCT program in Chitungwiza, Zimbabwe 2008
Factor Cases Controls OR 95% CI
Yes No Yes No
Maternal CD4 count ≤ 200 28 32 7 53 6.6 2.59-16.91
Mixed feeding 57 3 49 11 4.3 1.13-16.17
Hospitalization 35 25 17 43 3.6 1.67-7.76
Exclusive breast feeding for ≤6 months 34 26 45 15 0.4 0.20-0.95
Nevirapine adherence 51 9 58 2 0.2 0.04-0.95
Full immunization status 46 14 55 5 0.3 0.08-0.92
Treated for an STI 18 42 10 50 2.1 0.89-5.29
Birth weight less than 2500 g 20 40 17 43 1.3 0.58-2.75
Caesarean section delivery 8 52 10 50 0.8 0.27-2.15
Pre-maturity 12 28 19 40 0.5 0.23-1.21
No breastfeeding 3 57 23 37 0.1 0.02-0.30

Ngwende et al.

Ngwende et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:1181   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-1181

Open Data