Table 2

Risk factors for CVD in accordance with the INTERHEART study
Total study population (N = 1,695) Born in Iraq (N = 1,113) Born in Sweden (N = 582)
Risk factor Model I SD OR Model II SD OR Model II SD OR
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Born in Iraq 0.7 0.4 1.6 - -
Age 1.1*** 1.1 1.1 1.8 1.2*** 1.0 1.1 2.3 1.1 0.9 1.1
Male sex 1.6 0.8 3.1 2.5 0.8 7.6 1.2 0.4 2.8
T2D 4.1*** 2.0 8.3 1.4 6.8*** 2.8 16.2 1.6 1.2 0.2 6.4
History of hypertension 3.7*** 2.0 6.9 1.5 3.3** 1.4 7.8 1.4 6.2*** 2.2 17.3 1.9
Abdominal obesity 0.6 0.3 1.2 0.7 0.2 1.8 0.6 0.2 1.8
Elevated p-LDL/p-HDL ratio 0.8 0.4 1.8 0.9 0.3 2.5 0.6 0.1 2.7
Tobacco smoking 2.3** 1.3 4.2 1.4 2.2 0.9 5.0 2.0 0.8 5.1
Alcohol consumption 0.9 0.5 1.8 1.6 0.6 3.8 0.5 0.2 1.3
Physical activity <4 h/week 1.1 0-6 1.8 1.3 0.4 3.8 1.2 0.5 3.0
Intake of fruit or vegetables < once daily 1.1 0.6 1.8 0.8 0.3 1.7 1.4 0.6 3.3
Depression 0.8 0.3 2.0 0.5 0.1 1.7 4.9 0.9 25.4
Stress 2.5** 1.3 4.7 1.5 2.1 0.8 5.1 3.4** 1.3 8.8 1.6
Two or more life events 1.2 0.6 2.5 1.7 0.7 4.3 0.7 0.2 2.2
Economic difficulties 0.7 0.3 1.4 0.4* 0.2 0.16 0.6 2.6 0.8 8.9

*p ≤ 0.001 **p ≤ 0.010***p ≤ 0.050.

Data was assessed using multivariate logistic regression analysis presenting odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Regression coefficients were standardized to a unit variance for the independent variables and the proportionality of risk ratios was estimated using standardized odds ratios (SD ORs).

Bennet et al.

Bennet et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:1133   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-1133

Open Data