Table 5

Odds Ratio (OR) for IGT and diabetes associated with selected socio-demographic, biological and lifestyle factors among Kuwaiti males and females
IFG* Diabetes**
Male Female Male Female
OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value
Age Decade (Year)
20-29 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
30-39 1.23 0.87 1.72 0.241 0.96 0.69 1.32 0.783 2.94 1.98 4.37 0.001 1.51 0.99 2.31 0.059
40-49 1.71 1.23 2.39 0.002 1.37 1.00 1.88 0.050 4.22 2.85 6.26 0.001 3.53 2.40 5.18 0.001
50-59 2.41 1.63 3.55 0.001 2.01 1.39 2.90 0.001 9.48 6.25 14.37 0.001 9.08 6.10 13.52 0.001
60-69 3.38 2.04 5.60 0.001 2.57 1.48 4.45 0.001 16.27 10.02 26.42 0.001 14.85 8.98 24.57 0.001
BMI Status
Normal (<25 kg/m2) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Overweight (25- <30 kg/m2) 1.39 1.02 1.91 0.040 1.40 0.97 2.02 0.070 1.43 1.02 2.00 0.038 1.82 1.14 2.89 0.012
Obese (≥30 kg/m2) 1.59 1.15 2.19 0.006 1.77 1.25 2.51 0.001 2.14 1.53 2.98 0.001 2.88 1.85 4.67 0.001
Serum Cholesterol Status
Normal (<5.18 mmol/L) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate hypercholesterolemia§ 1.07 0.82 1.40 0.634 1.04 0.81 1.34 0.764 0.91 0.70 1.19 0.507 0.91 0.71 1.18 0.491
High hypercholesterolemia 1.28 0.90 1.82 0.173 0.84 0.58 1.21 0.340 1.32 0.95 1.83 0.095 1.22 0.89 1.66 0.217
Education Level
Up to Grade VIII 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
High school & diploma 0.85 0.63 1.14 0.278 0.75 0.58 0.98 0.038 0.79 0.60 1.04 0.095 0.73 0.56 0.95 0.021
Undergraduate and above 0.79 0.57 1.09 0.158 0.58 0.42 0.80 0.001 0.68 0.50 0.92 0.014 0.65 0.47 0.90 0.009
Exercise
No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Yes 0.97 0.76 1.23 0.792 1.01 0.78 1.30 0.95 0.82 0.64 1.04 0.105 0.84 0.65 1.10 0.206
Smoking
No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Yes 0.68 0.50 0.93 0.015 0.36 0.13 1.00 0.050 1.20 0.91 1.59 0.200 1.08 0.58 2.03 0.803

*Fasting blood glucose is >6.1 but <7.0 mmol/L. **Fasting blood glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L.

§Serum cholesterol is ≥5.18 but ≤ 6.22 mmol/L. Serum cholesterol is >6.22 mmol/L.

Ahmed et al.

Ahmed et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:103   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-103

Open Data