Table 2

Prevalence of IFG and diabetes among Kuwaiti males and females by study period, socio-demographic, biological and lifestyle factors
Male (n=2745) Female (n=3611)
Variable n IFG* Diabetes** n IFG Diabetes
Study Period
2002-03 932 13.4b1 19.1b1 1181 12.1c1 14.9c2
2004-05 579 15.4b1 16.8b1 790 9.2b2 13.8bc1
2006-07 716 14.0b1 12.2a1 1003 12.4c1 11.3b1
2008-09 518 6.0a1 9.3a1 637 5.3a1 6.0a1
Age Group (Year)
20-29 930 9.1a1 4.4a1 1246 8.2a1 3.4a1
30-39 660 11.1a1 13.0b1 857 8.9a1 6.2b2
40-49 635 15.1b1 16.9c1 842 11.9b1 13.9c1
50-59 345 16.8b1 30.4d1 508 14.0b1 30.9d1
60-69 175 18.9b1 40.6e1 158 15.8b1 42.4e1
BMI Status
Normal (<25 kg/m2) 715 9.5a1 8.5a1 724 6.8a1 3.6a2
Overweight (25- <30 kg/m2) 1093 13.5b1 14.8b1 1126 9.6b2 9.1b2
Obese (≥30 kg/m2) 937 13.8b1 20.0c1 1761 12.3c1 17.5c1
Serum Cholesterol
Normal (<5.18 mmol/L) 1603 11.4a1 12.7a1 2192 9.8a1 10.2a2
Moderate hypercholesterolemia§ 787 13.7ab1 16.0b1 951 11.8a1 13.5b1
High hypercholesterolemia 337 15.7b1 23.7c1 431 9.7a2 19.3c1
Education Level
Up to grade VIII 667 14.5a1 21.4b1 1157 13.7c1 21.2b1
High school & diploma 1226 12.1a1 13.5a1 1450 9.8b2 8.6a2
Undergraduate and above 842 11.8a1 11.9a1 1004 7.4a2 6.6a2
Exercise
No 1643 13.0a1 16.9b1 2702 10.4a2 12.7b2
Yes 1102 11.9a1 12.1a1 909 10.3a1 10.2a1
Smoking Status
No 2067 13.8b1 15.3a1 3517 10.5b2 11.9a2
Yes 678 8.7a1 13.7a1 94 4.3a1 17.0a1

n= total number of subjects.

*Fasting blood glucose level

6.1 but <7.0 mmol/L; **Fasting blood glucose 7.0 mmol/L.

§Serum cholesterol

5.18 but 6.22 mmol/L; Serum cholesterol >6.22 mmol/L.

a,b,cPrevalence value within a column with unlike superscript letters were significantly different (P<0.05) using Z –test.

1,2,3Prevalence values across the rows for each listed variable with unlike numbers were significantly different (P<0.05) using Z-test.

Ahmed et al.

Ahmed et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:103   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-103

Open Data