Table 5

Impact of OOP payments for outpatient care on poverty
Measures of poverty Gross of OOP payments (1) Net of OOP payments (2) Difference
Absolute (3=2-1) Relative (3/1)*100
Poverty headcount ratio (95%CI) 1% (0.7, 1.3) 1.8% (1.4, 2.2) 0.9% 91.6%
Standard error 0.002 0.002
Mean Poverty gap (INR) (95%CI) 2.4 (1.48, 3.27) 19.5 (−5.26, 44.32) 17.2 724.1%
Standard error 0.457 12.643
Normalised poverty gap (INR) (95%CI) 0.4% (0.246, 0.545) 3.3% (−0.876, 7.390) 2.9% 724.6%
Standard error 0.076 2.108
Mean positive poverty gap (INR) (95%CI) 242.4 (191.8, 293.1) 1039.3 (−289.3, 2367.9) 796.9 328.7%
Standard error 24.963 666.160
Normalised mean positive poverty gap (95%CI) 40.4% (31.99, 48.87) 173.3% (−48.24, 394.88) 132.9% 328.7%
Standard error 4.163 111.090

Bhojani et al.

Bhojani et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:990   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-990

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