Table 4

Correlates of financial catastrophe among households
Independent variables* Odds ratio (95%CI) for incurring financial catastrophe at different thresholds
5% 10% 15% 20%
Poorest/first quintile 3.7 (2.8, 5) 3.7 (2.6, 5.3) 7.8 (4.5, 14.5) 47 (12.2, 397.2)
(Least poor/fifth quintile) p<0.05 p<0.05 p<0.05 p<0.05**
Below poverty line card holders 1.5 (1.1, 2) 1.9 (1.4, 2.6) 2.3 (1.6, 3.3) 2.7 (1.8, 4)
(Above poverty line card holders) p<0.05 p<0.05 p<0.05 p<0.05
Government sector*** 0.9 (0.7, 1.1) 1 (0.8, 1.3) 1.2 (0.9, 1.7) 1.4 (1, 2)
(Private sector) p=0.44 p=0.89 p=0.16 p=0.05
Super-specialty hospitals 1.9 (1.5, 2.4) 2.1 (1.6, 2.8) 2.3 (1.7, 3.2) 2.3 (1.6, 3.4)
(Clinics/Health centres) p<0.05 p<0.05 p<0.05 p<0.05
Referral hospitals 1.6 (1.3, 1.9) 1.5 (1.2, 1.9) 1.6 (1.7, 3.2) 1.5 (1.1, 2.1)
(Clinics/Health centres) p<0.05 p<0.05 p<0.05 p<0.05
Households with four or less members 1.5 (1.3, 1.8) 1.8 (1.5, 2.2) 2.2 (1.7, 2.8) 2.2 (1.7, 2.9)
(Households with more than four members) p<0.05 p<0.05 p<0.05 p<0.05

*Comparator is provided in the bracket. **Fisher exact p value. ***173 households whose members exhibited mixed health seeking behavior (i.e. using government as well as private sector as place for consultation) were dropped from the analysis.

Bhojani et al.

Bhojani et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:990   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-990

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