Table 3

Incidence and intensity of CHE across the income groups
Income groups Measures of CHE Catastrophic threshold (share of household income) used to measure CHE
5% 10% 15% 20%
First quintile (Poorest) Headcount (%) (95%CI) 38.1 (34.2, 41.9) 23.1 (19.7, 26.4) 14.2 (11.4, 16.9) 11.0 (8.5, 13.4)
Overshoot (%) (95%CI) 6.7 (4.5, 8.9) 5.3 (3.2, 7.4) 4.4 (2.4, 6.5) 3.8 (1.8, 5.8)
Mean Positive Overshoot (%) 17.6 22.9 31.0 34.5
Second quintile Headcount (%) (95%CI) 27.4 (23.9, 30.9) 13.8 (11.1, 16.6) 6.6 (4.6, 8.6) 4.7 (3.0, 6.3)
Overshoot (%) (95%CI) 2.3 (1.8, 2.9) 1.4 (0.9, 1.8) 0.9 (0.5, 1.3) 0.6 (0.3, 1.0)
Mean Positive Overshoot (%) 8.4 10.1 13.6 12.8
Third quintile Headcount (%) (95%CI) 20.7 (17.5, 23.8) 10.2 (7.8, 12.5) 6.0 (4.2, 7.9) 4.1 (2.6, 5.7)
Overshoot (%) (95%CI) 2.1 (1.4, 2.7) 1.4 (0.8, 1.9) 1.0 (0.5, 1.5) 0.7 (0.3, 1.2)
Mean Positive Overshoot (%) 10.1 13.7 16.7 17.1
Fourth quintile Headcount (%) (95%CI) 23.7 (20.0, 27.4) 11.6 (8.8, 14.4) 7.6 (5.3, 10.0) 4.9 (3.0, 6.8)
Overshoot (%) (95%CI) 5.6 (−5.7, 11.7) 4.7 (−1.4, 10.8) 4.3 (−1.8, 10.3) 4.0 (−2.1, 10.0)
Mean Positive Overshoot (%) 23.6 40.5 56.6 81.6
Fifth quintile (Least poor) Headcount (%) (95%CI) 16.9 (14.2, 19.7) 8.2 (6.2, 10.2) 2.2 (1.1, 3.3) 0.3 (−0.1, 0.7)
Overshoot (%) (95%CI) 1.1 (0.6, 1.5) 0.5 (0.1, 0.9) 0.3 (−0.1, 0.7) 0.2 (−0.2, 0.6)
Mean Positive Overshoot (%) 6.5 6.1 13.6 66.7
Overall Headcount (%) (95%CI) 27.5 (26.0, 29.1) 16.0 (14.8, 17.3) 10.1 (9.1, 11.2) 7.9 (6.9, 8.8)
Overshoot (%) (95%CI) 3.4 (2.3, 4.5) 2.5 (1.4, 3.6) 2.0 (0.9, 3.1) 1.7 (0.7, 2.8)
Mean Positive Overshoot (%) 12.4 15.6 19.8 21.5

Bhojani et al.

Bhojani et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:990   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-990

Open Data